individuals who have met competency requirements
(through education or years of experience) and have
passed an exam process verifying their knowledge, skills
and ability to install and/or perform a service on a
specific type of hardware, equipment or system.
structures erected or to be erected, altered or extended in height or area
shall be classified in one of the five construction types defined in the
International Building Code.
are those types of construction in which the
building elements are of noncombustible materials
(i.e. concrete and steel)
is that type of construction in which the
exterior walls are of noncombustible materials and
the interior building elements are wood framing.
that type of construction (Heavy Timber, HT) in
which the exterior walls are of noncombustible
materials and the interior building elements are of
solid or laminated wood.
that type of construction in which the structural
elements, exterior walls and interior walls are of
any material permitted by code; generally wood,
gypsum board, etc.
of open flame or other burning in a place not intended
to contain the burning or in an uncontrolled manner.
(evacuation) drill: A
mandatory-supervised practice evacuation of a building for a fire or other
emergency requiring the building to be vacated.
related death: Any instance in
which a person is killed as a result of a fire, including death resulting
from a natural or accidental cause while involved in fire control,
attempting rescue, or escaping from the dangers of a fire, or deaths that
occur within one (1) year of injuries sustained as a result of the fire.
related injury: Any instance in
which a person is injured as a result of a fire, including an injury
sustained from a natural or accidental cause while involved in fire control,
attempting rescue, or escaping from the dangers of the fire. The term person
may include students, faculty, staff, visitors, firefighters, or any other
individuals. For purposes of this report the injuries sustained must have
resulted in treatment at a medical facility, including the Kutztown
University Health and Wellness Center.
Any mechanism or system related
to the detection of a fire, the warning resulting from a fire, or the
control of a fire including: Sprinkler or other fire extinguishing systems,
Fire detection devices, standalone smoke alarms, devices that alert one to
the presence of a fire, such as horns, bells, or strobe lights, smoke
control and reduction mechanisms, and Fire doors and walls that reduce the
spread of a fire.
Severity: Fires that occur in Kutztown University
residence halls have been classified into four categories, based on
value of property damage as well as injuries and/or fatalities related
to the incident:
Incidental - Minimal or No Property Damage and no injuries
Minor - Less than $100 Damage and no injuries
Major - $100 - $100,000 Damage with fire related injuries
Large Loss - Damage >$100,000 with serious injury or fatality
(NFPA- National Fire Protection Association):
A nonprofit organization
whose mission is to reduce the worldwide burden of fire and other hazards on
the quality of life by providing and advocating scientifically based
consensus codes and standards, research, training, and education.
Inspection and Testing of Water-Based Systems this
certification establishes the competency for those
technicians who are engaged in the physical and
mechanical aspects of inspection, testing, and
maintenance of water-based fire suppression systems.
Passive fire protection:
Passive fire protection (PFP), despite its name, is
always at work. Based on compartmentation of fire and
preventing collapse through structural fire resistance,
when properly installed and maintained, the building's
passive fire protection can save lives and assets, and
the building itself. Examples of passive fire
Structural fire protection guards essential
structural components (such as structural steel and
joint systems) from the effects of fire.
These materials are used to limit fire spread
through penetrations in a fire barrier.
Fire barriers, firewalls, fire partitions, and smoke
barriers are all included in compartmentation. Fire
barriers include fire-rated walls, floors, and
ceilings (often made of concrete, combination wood,
gypsum, or masonry). These barriers are used to
limit the spread of fire in a building and allow
Fire doors and windows are installed in an opening
of a fire barrier to maintain its fire resistance.
Doors and frames work together to form an effective
smoke and fire barrier." Fire-rated glass and
framing are tested as a complete assembly that
maintains the protection of the fire barrier.
Additionally, fire and smoke dampers (often used in
duct systems) are considered "opening protection"
and complete the fire barrier where air ducts
penetrate fire-rated and/or smoke-resistant
a pre-qualified vendor who markets or services
third-party products/systems that a manufacturer has
authorized, through factory approved training or other
experience, to maintain their products or systems.
A type of door used as
part of the
passive fire protection
within the building to prevent the spread of fire or smoke between separate
sections or floors. This building is equipped with both self closing fire
doors that must be kept closed at all times and doors held open by magnets.
The magnetic holders release the doors, allowing them to close, when the
building fire alarm sounds.
Smoke control doors are installed to limit smoke
spread. By limiting smoke spread in escape routes, the
chances of occupants being harmed by smoke is reduced.
Value of Property Damage:
The estimated value of the loss
of the structure and contents, in terms of the cost of replacement in like
kind and quantity, including: contents damaged by fire, related damages
caused by smoke, water, and overhaul, however it does not include indirect
loss, such as business interruption.
Vertical Phased Evacuation:
larger-complex premises, such as KUs Dixon Hall, the
emergency evacuation arrangements are designed to allow
people who are not at immediate risk from a fire to
delay starting their evacuation. The fire alarm system
is configured to initially evacuate only the area
closest to the fire, while alerting the other occupants
to stand by.
is normally done by immediately evacuating the floor
where the fire is located as well as the floor above and
below. The other floors are then evacuated when
necessary, to avoid congestion in the escape routes. The
fire alarm system is capable of giving two distinctly
different signals (warning and evacuation) and voice
Voice Mass Notification System:
All residence buildings, except Golden Bear Village West apartments and
Honors Hall, are equipped with voice fire alarm systems, which are also used
as the emergency notification system within the building. Emergency
messages (e.g. Evacuation, severe storm, lockdown, etc.) can be broadcast
via the voice fire alarm system to residence buildings individually or