Maintenance The recurrent, day-to-day, periodic, or scheduled work required to preserve a facility in such a condition that it can be effectively used for its designed purpose. Examples would be light bulb replacement, floor tile replacement, heating unit adjustments, etc.
Repair Repair is the restoration of a facility to such condition that it can be effectively utilized for its designated purpose. Repair is done by overhaul or replacement of major constituent parts that have deteriorated by action of the elements, age, or usage. An example would be replacing roofs, air conditioning compressors, etc.
Renovation This service is the total or partial upgrading of an existing facility or facility system to higher standards of quality or efficiency. Under certain conditions, a renovation can also be classified as an improvement. Examples are new installation of air conditioning and installation of grid ceilings to facilitate replacement of incandescent lighting with more efficient fluorescent lighting.
Alteration Alteration is the changing of internal arrangement or other physical characteristics of an existing facility so that it may be effectively used for a new designated purpose. Interior partitions can be rearranged to provide a specific space for a certain function, or space can be converted to a different use by the installation of new equipment. For example, a classroom can be converted to a lab or a series of office suites.
Improvement This is the addition of quality features to existing space by upgrading mechanical or electrical systems or architectural finishes. Examples are installation of carpet on floors that are not worn or otherwise unsatisfactory, installation of drapes and/or blinds that were previously not existing or do not need to be replaced due to age or function, painting not required by cyclical maintenance requirements, the addition of air conditioning, or installation of new or different lighting to create an aesthetic condition.
New Construction This category of work is the erection of a new facility or the addition or expansion of the exterior of an existing facility that adds to the building’s overall dimensions. In the State System of Higher Education, any new construction must be approved by the President, the Council of Trustees, and the Board of Governors, since the addition of space impacts the funding formula and creates a requirement for additional expenditures for operation, maintenance, custodial, and future renewal. Normally, new construction requirements will be identified through a separate Capital Facilities Planning and Programming Process (CFP3).
Equipment Installation This category covers the installation of equipment required by an academic or departmental program and not necessary for proper operation of the physical facility itself. Examples of this type of work are: fume hood installations, computer labs, meteorological equipment, specialized program air conditioning or ventilation requirements, etc.