Glenn Walters

Headshot of Glenn Walters.

Associate Professor of Criminal Justice

361 Old Main

Phone: (610) 683-4237

Ph.D. in Counseling Psychology, Texas Tech University (1982) 

M.A. in Clinical Psychology, Indiana University of Pennsylvania (1978) 

B.A. in Psychology, Lebanon Valley College (1976)


Glenn Walters started teaching at Kutztown University during the 2011-2012 academic year.  Prior to this, he served as a clinical psychologist for the U.S. Army and as a psychologist and drug program coordinator for the Federal Bureau of Prisons.  The majority of his time in the U.S. Army was spent working with military prisoners at the United States Disciplinary Barracks in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.  After an honorable discharge from the Army, he spent the next 27 years working at three different Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) facilities: the United States Penitentiary at Leavenworth, Kansas, the Federal Correctional Institution-Fairton, New Jersey, and the Federal Correctional Institution-Schuylkill, Pennsylvania.  He retired from federal service in 2011.

Dr. Walters has written over 250 articles, books, and book chapters, and has been published in a wide variety of criminology, criminal justice, and psychology journals: Behavioral Sciences and the Law, Crime and Delinquency, Criminal Justice and Behavior, Criminology, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Journal of Criminal Justice, Justice Quarterly, Law and Human Behavior, and Psychological Assessment. Dr. Walters currently serves on the editorial boards of seven journals: Assessment, Criminal Justice and Behavior, International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, Journal of Criminal Justice, Law and Human Behavior, Psychological Assessment, and Psychological Services.

Areas of Research:

Assessment and treatment of criminal thinking

Substance abuse and crime

Research Methods and Statistics (taxometrics, structural equation modeling, mediation analysis)

Development of an integrated model of criminal behavior known as criminal lifestyle theory

Courses Taught:

Management of Offenders

Substance Abuse and Crime

Research Methods

Career Criminals and Criminal Careers

Selected Publications:


Walters, G. D. The criminal lifestyle: Patterns of serious criminal conduct. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1990.

Walters, G. D. Drugs and crime in lifestyle perspective. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1994.

Walters, G. D. Changing lives of crime and drugs: Intervening with the substance abusing criminal offender. Chichester, England, 1998.

Walters, G. D. The addiction concept: Working hypothesis or self-fulfilling prophesy. Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 1999.

Walters, G. D. Criminal belief systems: An Integrated-Interactive Theory of Lifestyles. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2002.

Walters, G. D. Crime in a psychological context: From career criminals to criminal careers. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2012.

Walters, G. D. Drugs, crime, and their relationships: Theory, research, practice, and policy. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett, 2014.

Book Chapters:

Walters, G. D. Criminal thinking. In M. McMurran & R. Howard (Eds.), Personality, Personality Disorder, and Risk of Violence (pp. 281-295). Chichester, England: Wiley, 2009.

Walters, G. D. Applying CBT to the criminal thought process. In R. C. Tafrate & D. Mitchell (Eds.), Forensic CBT: A practitioner's guide (pp. 104-121). New York: Wiley, 2013.

Walters, G. D. The lifestyle theory of crime. In G. Bruinsma & D. Weisburd (Eds.), Encyclopedia of criminology and criminal justice (pp. 2937-2946). New York: Springer, 2013.

Walters, G. D. Antisocial cognition and criminal thinking: Theoretical interpretations and biosocial implications. In M. DeLisi & M. G. Vaughn (Eds.), Handbook of biosocial criminology (pp. 516-529).New York: Routledge, 2015.

Walters, G. D. Risk, need, and responsivity in a criminal lifestyle. In F. S. Taxman (Ed.). Handbook on Risk and Need Assessment: Theory and Practice. New York: Routledge, in press.

Walters, G. D., & Di Fazio, R. Psychopathy and the criminal lifestyle: Similarities and differences. In C. B. Gacono (Ed.), The clinical and forensic assessment of psychopathy (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, in press.

Selected Articles:

Walters, G. D.  A meta-analysis of the gene-crime relationship. Criminology, 1992, 30, 595-613.

Walters, G. D. The Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles: Part I. Reliability and initial validity. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 1995, 22, 307-325.

Walters, G. D. Predicting institutional adjustment and recidivism with the Psychopathy Checklist factor scores: A meta-analysis. Law and Human Behavior, 2003, 27, 541-558.

Walters, G. D., & Geyer, M. D. Construct validity of the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles in relationship to the PAI, disciplinary adjustment, and program completion. Journal of Personality Assessment, 2005, 84, 252-260.

Walters, G. D., Knight, R. A., Grann, M., & Dahle, K.-P. Incremental validity of the Psychopathy Checklist facet scores: Predicting release outcome in six samples. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 2008, 117, 396-405.

Walters, G. D., & Ruscio, J. To sum or not to sum: Taxometric analysis with ordered categorical assessment items. Psychological Assessment, 2009, 21, 99-111.

Walters, G. D., & Knight, R. A. Antisocial personality disorder with and without antecedent conduct disorder: Does it make a difference? Journal of Personality Disorders, 2010, 24, 258-271.    

Walters, G. D. The latent structure of life-course-persistent antisocial behavior: Is Moffitt's developmental taxonomy a true taxonomy? Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2011, 79,96-105.

McGrath, R. E., & Walters, G. D. Taxometric analysis as a general strategy for distinguishing categorical from dimensional latent structure. Psychological Methods, 2012, 17, 284-293.

Walters, G. D., & Crawford, G. In and out of prison: Do importation factors predict all forms of misconduct or just the more serious ones?" Journal of Criminal Justice, 2013, 41, 407-413.

Walters, G. D. Crime and substance misuse in adjudicated delinquent youth: The worst of both worlds. Law and Human Behavior, 2014, 38, 139-150.

Walters, G. D. Predicting self-reported total, aggressive, and income offending with the youth version of the Psychopathy Checklist: Gender- and factor-level interactions. Psychological Assessment, 2014, 26, 288-296.

Walters, G. D. Parental attitude toward deviance as a predictor of delinquency: Making the connection via perception and cognition, Journal of Adolescence, 2015, 39, 27‒35.

Walters, G. D. Criminal and substance involvement from adolescence to adulthood: Precursors, mediators, and long-term effects. Justice Quarterly, 2015, 32, 729-747.

Walters, G. D. Measuring the quantity and quality of scholarly productivity in criminology and criminal justice: A test of three integrated models. Scientometrics, 2015, 102, 2011-2022.

Walters, G. D., & DeLisi, M. Psychopathy and violence: Does antisocial cognition mediate the relationship between the PCL: YV factor scores and violent offending? Law and Human Behavior, 2015, 39, 350-359.

Walters, G. D., Deming, A., & Casbon, T. Predicting recidivism in sex offenders with the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS). Assessment, 2015, 22, 167-177.

Walters, G. D., Ermer, E., Knight, R. A., & Kiehl, K. A. Paralimbic biomarkers in taxometric analyses of psychopathy: Does changing the indicators change the conclusion? Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 2015, 6, 41‒52.

Walters, G. D. Someone to look up to: Effect of role models on delinquent peer selection and influence. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, in press.

Walters, G. D., Ermer, E., Knight, R. A., & Kiehl, K. A. Paralimbic biomarkers in taxometric analyses of psychopathy: Does changing the indicators change the conclusion? Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, in press.

Walters, G. D. Breaking the Cycle Demonstration Project: Using a quasi-experimental analysis to test the "worst of both worlds" hypothesis and risk principle. Journal of Experimental Criminology, in press.

Walters, G. D. Crime continuity and psychological inertia: Testing the cognitive mediation and additive postulates with male adjudicated delinquents. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, in press.

Walters, G. D. Friends, cognition, and delinquency: Proactive and reactive criminal thinking as mediators of the peer influence and peer selection effects among male delinquents. Justice Quarterly, in press.

Walters, G. D. The parent-peer interface: Does inductive parenting reduce the criminogenic effect of delinquent peers? Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, in press.

Walters, G. D. Proactive criminal thinking and the transmission of differential association: A cross-lagged multi-wave path analysis. Criminal Justice and Behavior, in press.

Walters, G. D., & Lowenkamp, C. T. Predicting recidivism with the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS) in community-supervised male and female federal offenders. Psychological Assessment, in press.

Conference Papers and Presentations:

Walters, G. D. Lifestyle assessment. Half-Day Workshop: International Congress on Love, Sex, and Crime. Braga, Portugal, June 27-28, 2007.

Walters, G. D. Promoting change in drug and criminal behavior. Full-Day Workshop: NWIAS Conference. Clackamas, Oregon, July 31, 2008.

Walters, G. D. Introduction to the criminal lifestyle. Full-Day Seminars. Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden, May 25 & 27, 2010.

Crawford, G., & Walters, G. D. Institutional adjustment of inmates with mental health problems: The moderating effect of prior violent offending. Presented at the 37th Annual Meeting of the Northeastern Association of Criminal Justice Sciences. Baypoint Inn and Conference Center, Portsmouth, Rhode Island, June 8, 2013.

Walters, G. D. Recidivism and the Federal Bureau of Prisons. Presented at the U.S. Sentencing Commission's Recidivism Roundtable (Hon. Patti B. Saris, Chair) and served as a discussant along with John Laub (University of Maryland), Alex Piquero (University of Texas at Dallas), Pamela Lattimore (RTI International), Edward Latessa (University of Cincinnati), Jennifer Skeem (University of California-Berkeley), Bruce Western (Harvard Kennedy School of Government), and Angela Hawken (Pepperdine University). Mecham Center, Thurgood Marshall Federal Judiciary Building, Washington, DC, October 23, 2013.

Noon, A., & Walters, G. D. Family context of childhood animal cruelty in adjudicated delinquents.Poster at the 51st Annual Meeting of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, February 20. 2014.

Urban, H., & Walters, G. D. Age of crime onset and its effect on subsequent offending behavior. Poster at the 51st Annual Meeting of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, February 21, 2014.

Walters, G. D. New directions in criminal thinking research and therapy. Invited lecture to the Forensic Issues and Externalizing Behaviors Special Interest Group of ABCT, 48th Annual Convention of the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, November 21, 2014.