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Garrison, Arthur H.

Garrison, Arthur H.

Professor
Criminal Justice
610-683-4326
Old Main 360
garrison@kutztown.edu
  • Biography
    Dr. Garrison has more than 15 years of criminal justice academic and practical experience. Before joining academia, Dr. Garrison was a Pre-Sentence Investigation Officer for the New Castle County Delaware Family Court before taking a position as a criminal justice planner with the Delaware Criminal Justice Council (CJC).

    During his 11 years at the CJC, he supervised the planning of various federal criminal justice program funding sources including the Byrne Memorial Block Grant, the Weed and Seed grant, and the Juvenile Justice grant. As Senior Researcher, Dr. Garrison wrote more than 25 policy reports and evaluations on various initiatives including drug treatment, adult and juvenile crime prevention and reduction programs, crime pattern analysis, and law enforcement crime reduction programs. He also has presented more than 30 papers at various state, regional, and national criminal justice and policy conferences. He has published more than 30 articles in various peer-reviewed journals and law reviews. During his tenure at CJC he was detailed to serve as the Project Director for the initial Wilmington Hope Commission in 2005-2006 which developed the "Wilmington Plan" to reduce crime and violence in the City of Wilmington, Delaware.

    Dr. Garrison’s research includes constitutional law, legal history, criminal justice policy, and race and criminal justice. Dr. Garrison received his B.A. in Political Science from Kutztown University, M.S. in Criminal Justice from West Chester University, and his Doctor of Law and Policy from Northeastern University.
  • Associations/Memberships
    Editor, Journal Criminal Justice and the Law: A Publication of the Law and Public Policy Section of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences

    Chair, Law and Public Policy Section, Academy of Criminal Justice Science
  • Degrees
    Northeastern University: LP.D. Doctor of Law and Policy (2011)
    West Chester University: M.S. Criminal Justice (1995)
    Kutztown University: B.A. Political Science (1990)
  • Research Interests
    Constitutional Law
    Legal History
    Criminal Law
    Criminal Justice Policy
    Terrorism
    National Security Law
    Executive Branch Legal Policy and Decision Making
    Race and Criminal Justice
  • Course Regularly Taught
    Criminal Procedure
    Criminal Law
    Development of Criminal Justice System
    Introduction to Law
    Senior Seminar

    Other Courses Taught:
    Introduction to Criminal Justice
    Criminology
    Evidence
    Contemporary Legal Issues in Criminal Justice
    National Security and Constitutional Law
    Gender and Criminal Justice
  • Publications
    Selected Publications:

    Books:

    Chained to the System: The History and Politics of Black Incarceration in America (Cognella Press, 2020)

    Race and Criminal Justice: Rhetoric, Politics, and Policy (Cognella Academic Publishers, 2019)

    Supreme Court Jurisprudence in Times of National Crisis, Terrorism, and War, Terrorism: A Historical Perspective (Lexington Books, 2011).

    Book Chapters:

    "The Theory and Application of Terrorism: A Review of Historical Development" in Terror: From Tyrannicide to Terrorism, eds. Brett Bowden and Michael T. Davis (Brisbane: University of Queensland Press, 2008), p. 21-41.

    Selected Articles:

    2021 Garrison, A., “The OLC Emoluments Clause Jurisprudence in the Executive Branch” 23 University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law 753 (invited article).

    2018 Garrison, A., "Criminal Culpability, Civil Liability, and Police Created Danger: Why and How the Fourth Amendment Provides Very Limited Protection from Police Use of Deadly Force" 28:3 George Mason University Civil Rights Law Journal 241-339.

    2018 Garrison, A., "A Hermeneutical Proof of the Bible" 5(1) Journal of Grace Theology 3-38.

    2016 Garrison, A. "Defining the Meaning and Purpose of Justice, Law, and Criminal Justice: A Hermeneutical Judeo-Christian Biblical Perspective" 55(1) Journal of Catholic Legal Studies 1-82.

    2014 Garrison, A. "Law and Politics in the Aftermath of 9/11: Understanding the Interaction of Politics, Power, the Role of the OLC, and the Law During the Bush Administration, Through Agency and Policy Theory" Southern California Interdisciplinary Law Journal 24(1): 1-25.

    2014 Garrison, A. "The Traditions and History of the Meaning of the Rule of Law" Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy 12 (2): 565-619.

    2014 Garrison, A. "NYPD Stop and Frisk, Perceptions of Criminals, Race and the Meaning of Terry v Ohio: A Content Analysis of Floyd, et al. v City of New York" Rutgers Race and the Law Review 15: 65-156.

    2014 Garrison, A. "The Rule of Law and the Rise of Control of Executive Power" Texas Review of Law & Politics 18(2):304-355.

    2013 Garrison, A. "The Office of Legal Counsel "Torture Memos": A Content Analysis of What the OLC Got Right and What They Got Wrong" Criminal Law Bulletin 49(5):997-1053.

    2013 Garrison, A. "The History of Executive Branch Legal Opinions on the Power of the President as Commander-in-Chief from Washington to Obama" Cumberland Law Review 43(3):375-494.

    2013 Garrison, A. "The Supreme Court and its Role to Decide Issues of Law and Not Justice: Criminal Justice and the 2011 Term" Criminal Law Bulletin 49(2):274-304.

    2012/2013 Garrison, A. "The Opinion of the Attorney General and the Office of Legal Counsel: The How and Why They Are Significant" Albany Law Review 76(1):217-251.

    2012 Garrison, A. "The Bush Administration and the Torture Memos: A Content Analysis of the Response of the Academic Legal Community" Cardozo Public Law, Policy & Ethics Journal 11(1):1-40.

    2012 Garrison, A. "The Role of the OLC in Providing Legal Advice to the Commander-in-Chief after September 11th: The Choices Made by the Bush Administration Office of Legal Counsel" Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary 32(2):648-718.

    2011 Garrison, A. "Disproportionate Incarceration of African Americans: What History and the First Decade of Twenty-First Century Has Brought" The Journal of the Institute of Justice & International Studies 11:87-116.

    2009 Garrison, A. "National Security and Presidential Power: Judicial Deference and Establishing Constitutional Boundaries in World War Two and the Korean War" Cumberland Law Review39(3):609-684.

    2009 Garrison, A. "The Influence of Research on Criminal Justice Policy Making" Professional Issues in Criminal Justice 4(1):9-21.

    2009 Garrison, A. "The Internal Security Acts of 1798: The Founding Generation and the Judiciary During America's First National Security Crisis" Journal of Supreme Court History 34(1):1-27.

    2008 Garrison, A. "Hamiltonian and Madisonian Democracy, the Rule of Law and Why the Courts Have a Role in the War on Terror" The Journal of the Institute of Justice & International Studies 8:120-138.

    2006 Garrison, A. "Hamdan v Rumsfeld, Military Commissions, and Acts of Congress: A Summary" American Journal of Trial Advocacy Law Review 30(2):339-362.

    2006 Garrison, A. "The Judiciary in Times of National Security Crisis and Terrorism: Ubi Inter ArmaEnim Silent Leges, Quis Custodiet Ipso Custodies?" American Journal of Trial Advocacy Law Review30(1):165-230.

    2006 Garrison, A. "'I Missed the Bus': School Grade Transition, the Wilmington Truancy Center and Reasons Youth Don't Go to School" Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice: An Interdisciplinary Journal4(2):204-212.

    2004 Garrison, A. "Defining Terrorism: Philosophy of the Bomb, Propaganda by Deed and Change Through Violence" Criminal Justice Studies: A Critical Journal of Crime, Law and Society 17(3):259-279.

    2004 Garrison, A. "The Bush Administration and the War on Terrorism on the Judicial Front II: The Courts Strike Back" American Journal of Trial Advocacy Law Review 27(3):473-516.

    2003 Garrison, A. "Hamdi, Padilla and Rasul: The War on Terrorism on the Judicial Front" American Journal of Trial Advocacy Law Review 27(1):99-148.

    2003 Garrison, A. "Terrorism: The Nature of its History" Criminal Justice Studies: A Critical Journal of Crime, Law and Society 16(1):39-52.

    2002 Garrison, A. "Drug Treatment Programs: Policy Implications for the Judiciary" Court Review: The Journal of the American Judges Association 38(4):24 34.

    2001 Garrison, A. "Rehnquist vs. Scalia - The Dickerson and Miranda cases: A debate on what makes a decision a constitutional decision" American Journal of Trial Advocacy Law Review 25(1):91-133.

    2001 Garrison, A. "A Description of a Delaware Teen Court" Juvenile and Family Court Journal52(3):11-21.

    2000 Garrison, A. "Rape Trauma Syndrome: A Review of a Behavioral Science Theory and its Admissibility in Criminal Trials" American Journal of Trial Advocacy Law Review 23(3):591-657.

    1998 Garrison, A. "Child Sexual Abuse Accommodation Syndrome: Issues of Admissibility in Criminal Trials" Issues in Child Abuse Accusations 10:10-25.

    1998 Garrison, A. "The History of the M'Naghten Insanity Defense and the Use of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder as a Basis for Insanity" American Journal of Forensic Psychology 16(4):39-88.

    1998 Garrison, A. "The Future in Criminal Justice: What Technology Could Bring to the Field of Law Enforcement in the Next Millennium" Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology 13(1):58-63.

    1998 Garrison, A. "United States Supreme Court: Analysis and Application of the Confrontation Clause in Regard to Cases of Child Sexual Abuse" Issues in Child Abuse Accusations 9(3-4): 126-150.

    1997 Garrison, A. "Disproportionate Minority Arrests, the Police and Juveniles: A Note on What Has Been Said and How It Fits Together" New England Journal on Criminal and Civil Confinement Law Review 23(1):29-61.

    1996 Garrison, A. "The Catathymic Crisis: An Explanation of the Serial Killer" Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology 11(1):5-12.

    1995 Garrison, A. "Law Enforcement Civil Liability Under Federal Law and Attitudes on Civil Liability: A Survey of University, Municipal and State Police Officers" Police Studies: The International Review of Police Development 18(3-4):19-37.

    Selected Conference Papers and Presentations:

    2020 Garrison, A. “The Legal Effect of OLC Memoranda: The OLC Emoluments Clause Jurisprudence in the Executive Branch” University of Pennsylvania Law School Journal of Constitutional Law Volume 22 Symposium: Constitutional Law Outside the Courts, Philadelphia, PA

    2020 Garrison, A. “Race and Police Shootings Five Years of Data” American Society of Criminology 2020 Annual meeting, Washington, DC (Conference cancelled due to Coronavirus)

    2020 Garrison, A. “From Jefferson to Calhoun and Johnson to Trump: Race Politics and the Development of American Criminal Justice” Law and Society Association 2020 Annual Meeting, Denver, Co (Face-to-Face Conference cancelled due to Coronavirus)

    2019 Garrison, A. “Enhanced Washington Post Shooting Data: A Descriptive Analysis” Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences 56th Annual Conference, Baltimore MD

    2017 Garrison, A. "Race and Police Use of Force: The Limitations of Fourth Amendment Protection" Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences 54rd Annual Conference, Kansas City, Missouri

    2017 Garrison, A. "Blacks and Police Perceptions: A Review of Psychological and Sociological Explanations" American Society of Criminology, Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

    2016 Garrison, A. "Shoot - Don't Shoot: Social Psychology Research on Racial Bias and Police Decision Making" Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences 53rd Annual Conference, Denver, Colorado

    2015 Garrison, A. "Behavioral Genetics, Mens Rea and Teaching Students Why People Commit Crime" Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Conference Orlando, FL, March.

    2015 Garrison, A. "Race and Poverty: What Moynihan Still Offers in Explaining Crime" Paper to be presented at the 2015 Annual Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Conference Orlando, FL, March.

    2014 Garrison, A. "The Moynihan Report "The Negro Family" Distinguishing What it Said and What It Did Not Say" A Faculty Paper Presented at the Kutztown University The Frederick Douglass Institute Forum November 17.

    2014 Garrison, A. "NY Stop, Question and Frisk I: Terry v Ohio, the New York Cases and What the Law Requires." Paper to be presented at the 2014 Annual Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Conference Philadelphia, PA, February.

    2014 Garrison, A. "NY Stop, Question and Frisk II: Floyd v. City of New York and NYPD violation of Terry." Paper to be presented at the 2014 Annual Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Conference Philadelphia, PA, February.

    2014 Garrison, A. "NY Stop, Question and Frisk III: "She Does Not Know Anything About Policing" and Why the Mayor Thinks that Matters." Paper to be presented at the

    2014 Annual Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Conference Philadelphia, PA, February.

    2013 Garrison, A. "'I Can't Sell The Book If I Mark in It' And Other Reasons Why They Don't Read" Paper to be presented at the 2013 Annual Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Conference Dallas, Texas, March.

    2013 Garrison, A. "The History & Authority of Opinions By The Attorney General and the Office of Legal Counsel" Paper to be presented at the 2013 Annual Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Conference Dallas, Texas, March.

    2013 Garrison, A. "Sociopathy, Psychopathy, Environment and Genetics: Explanations for Serial Killers and Other Multiple Murderers" Paper to be presented at the 2013 Annual Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Conference Dallas, Texas, March.

    2013 Garrison, A. "The Supreme Court and Criminal Procedure: The Continued Dominance of Crime Control Theory" Paper to be presented at the 2013 Annual Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Conference Dallas, Texas, March.

    2012 Garrison, A. "Serial Killers, School Shooters, Family Annihilators, Cult Leaders, and Other Multiple Murderers: Similarities, Differences, and How They Get Caught." Paper presented at the 2012 Annual American Society of Criminology Conference Chicago, IL November.

    2012 Garrison, A. "Strip Searches, Police Devises, Police Perjury, and Ineffective Counsel During Plea Bargaining: The Supreme Court and Issues of Law and Not Justice." Paper presented at the Northeast Association of Criminal Justice Sciences Annual Conference Portsmouth, Rhode Island, June.

    2012 Garrison, A. "The Commander-in-Chief power, the War Powers Resolution, and Libya: Putting Them in Legal and Historical Context." Paper presented at the 3rd Annual Terrorism & Global Security Conference Washington, D.C. May.

    2012 Garrison, A. "Criminal Justice and Overrepresentation of African Americans: A Historical Review." Paper presented at the Justice and Injustice in Urban America Open Class Forum Kutztown University, Kutztown, PA April 18.

    2012 Garrison, A. "The Philosophies of Locke, Hobbes, Beccaria, Bentham, and
    Montesquieu: The Importance and Meaning of the Rule of Law and How the Men of the Enlightenment Defined It." Paper presented at the 25th Annual Conference of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education Interdisciplinary Association for Philosophy and Religious Studies Kutztown, PA March.

    2012 Garrison, A. "Crossing the Gulf or a Puddle: The Difference in Teaching Criminal Justice in a Proprietary and Traditional College." Paper presented at the 2012 Annual Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Conference New York, New York March.

    2011 Garrison, A. "The Rule of Law: Why it Matters What the OLC Tells the President." Paper presented at the 2011 Annual American Society of Criminology Conference Washington, D.C. November.

    2011 Garrison, A. "Disproportionate Minority Confinement: What History and the Twenty-First Century Has Brought." Paper presented at the 2011 Annual Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Conference Toronto, Canada, March.
  • Class Schedule
    Term Days Start Time End Time Course Location
    Fall 2022 TH 9:30AM 10:50AM CRJ 121 010 OM288
    Fall 2022 TH 12:00PM 1:20PM CRJ 380CTWI 010 OM278
    Fall 2022 TH 1:30PM 2:50PM CRJ 210 010 OM281
    Fall 2022 TH 3:00PM 4:20PM CRJ 121 020 OM288
    Fall 2022 CRJ 10 810
    Fall 2022 CRJ 540 900