Kutztown University Logo
Walters, Glenn D.

Walters, Glenn D.

Professor
Criminal Justice
610-683-4237
Old Main 361
walters@kutztown.edu
  • Associations/Memberships
    American Psychology-Law Association
  • Biography
    Glenn Walters started teaching at Kutztown University during the 2011-2012 academic year. Prior to this, he served as a clinical psychologist for the U.S. Army and as a psychologist and drug program coordinator for the Federal Bureau of Prisons. The majority of his time in the U.S. Army was spent working with military prisoners at the United States Disciplinary Barracks in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. After an honorable discharge from the Army, he spent the next 27 years working at three different Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) facilities: the United States Penitentiary at Leavenworth, Kansas, the Federal Correctional Institution-Fairton, New Jersey, and the Federal Correctional Institution-Schuylkill, Pennsylvania. He retired from federal service in 2011.

    Dr. Walters has written over 350 articles, books, and book chapters, and has been published in a wide variety of criminology, criminal justice, and psychology journals: Behavioral Sciences and the Law, Crime and Delinquency, Criminal Justice and Behavior, Criminology, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Journal of Criminal Justice, Journal of Quantitative Criminology, Justice Quarterly, Law and Human Behavior, Psychological Assessment, and Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. Dr. Walters currently serves on the editorial boards of three journals: Criminal Justice and Behavior, Law and Human Behavior, and Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice.
  • Course Regularly Taught
    Management of Offenders

    Substance Abuse and Crime

    Criminology

    Research Methods

    Career Criminals and Criminal Careers
  • Degrees
    Ph.D., Counseling Psychology, Texas Tech University, 1982
  • Publications
    Books and Monographs:

    Tirrell, F. J., Aldridge, R. G., Brown, G., Alford, J., & Walters, G. D. Social and psychological characteristics of rapists and rape (monograph). Fort Leavenworth, KS: United States Disciplinary Barracks, 1983.

    Walters, G. D. The criminal lifestyle: Patterns of serious criminal conduct. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1990.

    Walters, G. D., Heffron, M., & Whitaker, D. The CHOICE Comprehensive Drug Program (monograph). Fairton, NJ: Federal Correctional Institution-Fairton, 1991.

    Walters, G. D. Foundations of criminal science. Volume I: The development of knowledge. New York: Praeger, 1992.

    Walters, G. D. Foundations of criminal science. Volume II: The use of knowledge. New York: Praeger, 1992.

    Walters, G. D. Drugs and Crime in Lifestyle Perspective. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1994.

    Walters, G. D. Escaping the journey to nowhere: The psychology of alcohol and other drug abuse. Washington, DC: Taylor & Francis, 1994.

    Walters, G. D. Substance abuse and the new road to recovery: A practitioner's guide. Washington, DC: Taylor & Francis, 1996.

    Walters, G. D. Changing lives of crime and drugs: Intervening with the substance abusing criminal offender. Chichester, England: Wiley, 1998.

    Walters, G. D. The addiction concept: Working hypothesis or self-fulfilling prophesy. Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 1999.

    Walters, G. D. Beyond behavior: Construction of an overarching psychological theory of lifestyles. Westport, CN: Praeger, 2000.


    Walters, G. D. The self-altering process: Exploring the dynamic nature of lifestyle development and change. Westport, CN: Praeger, 2000.

    Walters, G. D. Criminal belief systems: An Integrated-Interactive Theory of Lifestyles. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2002.

    Walters, G. D. Personality theory in context. Allentown, PA: Center for Lifestyle Studies (Morrisville, NC: Lulu), 2004.

    Walters, G. D. Lifestyle Theory: Past, Present, and Future. Huntington, NY: Nova Science Publishers, 2006.

    Walters, G. D. Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS): Professional manual. Allentown, PA: Center for Lifestyle Studies (Morrisville, NC: Lulu), 2006.

    Walters, G. D. Crime in a psychological context: From career criminals to criminal careers. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2012.

    Walters, G. D. Drugs, Crime, and Their Relationships: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett, 2014.

    Walters, G. D. Modelling the criminal lifestyle: Theorizing at the edge of chaos. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.

    Walters, G. D. Closing the integration gap in criminology: The case for criminal thinking. New York: Routledge, 2020.

    Walters, G. D. Criminality and crime: A social-cognitive-developmental theory of delinquent and criminal behavior. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2022.

    Book Chapters:

    Walters, G. D. Schizophrenia. In R. L. Greene (ed.), The MMPI: Its Use in Specific Diagnostic Groups (pp 50-73). San Diego, CA: Grune & Stratton, 1988.

    Walters, G. D. Identifying and confronting resistance in lifestyle criminal offenders. In G. A. Harris (ed.), Tough Customers: Counseling Unwilling Clients (pp. 25-42). Laurel, MD: American Correctional Association, 1991.

    Walters, G. D., & Di Fazio, R. Psychopathy and the criminal lifestyle: Similarities and differences. In C. B. Gacono (Ed.), The Clinical and Forensic Assessment of Psychopathy (pp. 369-384). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, 2000.

    Walters, G. D. The fragmented Führer: A psychohistorical account of Hitler’s lifestyles. In F. Columbus (Ed.), Advances in Psychological Research: 3 (pp. 207-234). Huntington, NY: Nova Science Publishers, 2001.

    Walters, G. D. The lifestyle paradigm: Theory, research, and practice. In F. Columbus (Ed.), Advances in Psychological Research: 2 (pp. 47-80). Huntington, NY: Nova Science Publishers, 2001.

    Walters, G. D. Overcoming offender resistance to abandoning a criminal lifestyle. In B. K. Welo (Ed.), Tough Customers: Counseling Unwilling Clients (2nd ed., pp. 77-97). Lanham, MD: American Correctional Association, 2001.

    Walters, G. D. Psychology as the study of mind and behavior: Two perspectives, one psychology. In F. Columbus (Ed.), Advances in Psychological Research: 7 (pp. 37-62). Huntington, NY: Nova Science Publishers, 2001.


    Walters, G. D. Fear, belief, and terrorism. In S. Shohov (Ed.), Advances in Psychological Research: 10 (pp. 31-67). Huntington, NY: Nova Science Publishers, 2002.

    Walters, G. D. Maintaining motivation for change using resources available in an offender’s natural environment. In M. McMurran (Ed.), Motivating Offenders to Change: A Guide to Enhancing Engagement in Therapy (pp. 121-135). Chichester, England: Wiley, 2002.

    Walters, G. D. Jim Morrison, pop culture’s tragic hero: A lifestyle analysis. In S. Shohov (Ed.), Advances in Psychological Research: 20 (pp. 75-98). Huntington, NY: Nova Science Publishers, 2003.

    Walters, G. D. Promoting change in a drug and criminal lifestyle. In K. Knight & D. Farabee (Eds.), Treating Addicted Offenders: A Continuum of Effective Practices (pp. 16-1 to 16-9). Kingston, NJ: Civic Research Institute, 2004.

    Walters, G. D. The lifestyle approach to substance abuse and crime in a client diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder. In F. Rotgers & M. Maniacci (Eds.) Antisocial Personality Disorder: A Practitioner’s Guide to Comparative Treatments (pp. 91-114). New York: Springer, 2005.

    Walters, G. D. Proactive and reactive aggression: A lifestyle view. In J. P. Morgan (Ed.), Psychology of Aggression (pp. 29-43). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, 2005.

    Walters, G. D. Institutional adjustment in male inmates completing a 20-week drug lifestyle intervention. In K. Knight & D. Farabee (Eds.), Treating Addicted Offenders: A Continuum of Effective Practices (Volume 2; pp. 14-1 to 14-8). Kingston, NJ: Civic Research Institute, 2007.

    Walters, G. D. Criminal predatory behavior in the Federal Bureau of Prisons. In M. DeLisi & P. J. Conis (Eds.), Violent Offenders: Theory, Public Policy, and Practice (pp. 191-203). Boston, MA: Jones & Bartlett, 2008.

    Walters, G. D. Prison Overcrowding. In B. L. Cutler (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Psychology and Law (Vol. 2, 618-621). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2008.

    Walters, G. D. Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles. In B. L. Cutler (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Psychology and Law (Vol. 2, 639-640). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2008.

    Walters, G. D. Serial killers. In B. L. Cutler (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Psychology and Law (Vol. 2, pp. 713-716). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2008.

    Walters, G. D. Criminal thinking. In M. McMurran & R. Howard (Eds.), Personality, Personality Disorder, and Risk of Violence (pp. 281-295). Chichester, England: Wiley, 2009.

    Walters, G. D. Applying CBT to the criminal thought process. In R. C. Tafrate & D. Mitchell (Eds.), Forensic CBT: A practitioner’s guide (pp. 104-121). New York: Wiley, 2013.

    Walters, G. D. The lifestyle theory of crime. In G. Bruinsma & D. Weisburd (Eds.), Encyclopedia of criminology and criminal justice (pp. 2937-2946). New York: Springer, 2013.

    Walters, G. D. Psychopathy’s role in the criminal justice system: Five empirical controversies in search of an answer. In J. Horley (Ed.), Born bad? Critiques of psychopathy (pp. 37-59). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, 2013.

    Walters, G. D. Antisocial cognition and criminal thinking: Theoretical interpretations and biosocial implications. In M. DeLisi & M. G. Vaughn (Eds.), Handbook of biosocial criminology (pp. 516-529). New York: Routledge, 2015.

    Walters, G. D., & Di Fazio, R. Psychopathy and the criminal lifestyle: Similarities and differences. In C. B. Gacono (Ed.), The Clinical and Forensic Assessment of Psychopathy (2nd ed., pp. 433-444). New York: Routledge, 2016.

    Walters, G. D. Risk, need, and responsivity in a criminal lifestyle. In F. S. Taxman (Ed.), Handbook on risk and need assessment: Theory and practice (pp. 193-219). New York: Routledge, 2017.

    Walters, G. D. The criminal lifestyle. In R. D. Morgan (Ed.), The SAGE encyclopedia of criminal psychology (pp. 258-261). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2019.

    Walters, G. D. Criminal thinking: Theory and practice. In D. Polaschek, A. Day, & C. Hollin (Eds.), Handbook of psychology and corrections (pp. 637-652). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2019.

    Walters, G. D. Prediction of prison misconduct. In R. D. Morgan (Ed.), The SAGE encyclopedia of criminal psychology (pp. 1091-1092). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2019.

    Walters, G. D. Tracing the effect of psychopathy on future offending through two layers of proactive criminal thinking. In M. DeLisi (Ed.), Routledge International Handbook of Psychopathy and Crime (pp. 13-27). New York: Routledge, 2019.

    Walters, G. D. Mediation. In J. C. Barnes & D. R. Forde (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Research Methods and Statistical Techniques in Criminology and Criminal Justice (492-496). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2021.

    Walters, G. D., & Yurvati, E. Assessment and management of institutional violence and misconduct. In R. D. Morgan (Ed.), The SAGE encyclopedia of criminal psychology (pp.656-658). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2019.

    Walters, G. D., & Yurvati, E. Institutional violence and misconduct: Violence toward offenders. In R. D. Morgan (Ed.), The SAGE encyclopedia of criminal psychology (pp. 659-660). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2019.

    Walters, G. D., & Yurvati, E. Institutional violence and misconduct: Violence toward staff. In R. D. Morgan (Ed.), The SAGE encyclopedia of criminal psychology (pp. 661-662). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2019.


    Journal Articles:


    Walters, G. D. Attrition from therapy as a function of initial anxiety level. Psychological Reports, 1980, 47, 47-50.

    Walters, G. D. Academic and personality correlates of career indecision in students entering training. Medical Education, 1982, 16, 10-14.

    Walters, G. D., Greene, R. L., & Solomon, G. S. Empirical correlates of the overcontrolled-hostility scale and the MMPI 4-3 high-point pair. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1982, 50, 213-218.

    Walters, G. D., & Solomon, G. S. Methodological note on deriving behavioral correlates for MMPI profile patterns: Case of the female 4-5-6 configuration. Psychological Reports, 1982, 51, 51-56.

    Walters, G. D., Solomon, G. S., & Greene, R. L. The relationship between the overcontrolled-hostility scale and the MMPI 4-3 high-point pair. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 1982, 38, 613-615.

    Walters, G. D., Solomon, G. S., & Walden, V. R. Use of the MMPI in predicting psychotherapeutic persistence in groups of male and female outpatients. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 1982, 38, 80-83.

    Walters, G. D. The MMPI and schizophrenia: A review. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 1983, 9, 226-246.

    Walters, G. D., & Greene, R. L. Factor structure of the overcontrolled¿hostility scale of the MMPI. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 1983, 39, 560-562.

    Walters, G. D., Greene, R. L., Jeffrey, T. B., Kruzich, D. J., & Haskin, J. J. Racial variations on the MacAndrew alcoholism scale of the MMPI. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1983, 51, 947-948.

    Walters, G. D. Empirically-derived characteristics of psychiatric inpatients with DSM-III diagnoses of schizophreniform disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1984, 93, 71-79.

    Walters, G. D. Identifying schizophrenia by means of Scale 8 (Sc) of the MMPI. Journal of Personality Assessment, 1984, 48, 390-391.

    Walters, G. D., Greene, R. L., & Jeffrey, T. B. Use of the MMPI in discriminating between alcoholic and nonalcoholic blacks and whites. Journal of Personality Assessment, 1984, 48, 486-488.

    Walters, G. D. Scale 4 (Pd) of the MMPI and the diagnosis antisocial personality. Journal of Personality Assessment, 1985, 49, 474-476.

    Walters, G. D. Correlates of the Megargee criminal classification system: A military correctional setting. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 1986, 13, 19-32.


    Walters, G. D. Screening for psychopathology in groups of black and white prison inmates by means of the MMPI. Journal of Personality Assessment, 1986, 50, 257-264.

    Walters, G. D., Scrapansky, T. A., & Marrlow, G. A. The emotionally disturbed military criminal offender: Identification, background, and institutional adjustment. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 1986, 13, 261-285.

    Walters, G. D. Child sex offenders and rapists in two groups of emotionally disturbed offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 1987, 31, 261-269.

    Walters, G. D. Correlates of institutional adjustment in two groups of emotionally disturbed offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 1987, 31, 137-141.

    White, T. W., & Walters, G. D. The design of the crime [Letter to the editor] Psychology Today, p. 5, 1987 (December).

    Walters, G. D. Assessing dissimulation and denial on the MMPI in a sample of maximum security male inmates. Journal of Personality Assessment, 1988, 52, 465-474.

    Walters, G. D., Chlumsky, M. L., & Hemphill, L. Reliability and stability of a structured diagnostic interview in a group of incarcerated criminal offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 1988, 32, 87-94.

    Walters, G. D., & Greene, R. L. Differentiating between schizophrenic and manic inpatients by means of the MMPI. Journal of Personality Assessment, 1988, 52, 91-95.

    Walters, G. D., Mann, M. F., Miller, M. P., Hemphill, L. L., & Chlumsky, M. L. Serious emotional disorder in state, federal, and military offenders. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 1988, 15, 433-453.

    Walters, G. D., & White, T. W. Crime, popular mythology, and personal responsibility. Federal Probation, 1988, 52(1), 18-26.

    Walters, G. D., & White, T. W. Society and lifestyle criminality. Federal Probation, 1988, 52(4), 52-55.

    Walters, G. D., White, T. W., & Greene, R. L. Use of the MMPI to identify malingering and exaggeration of psychiatric symptomatology in male prison inmates. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1988, 56, 111-117.

    Walters, G. D. Comparability of the standard and interview versions of the Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 1989, 33, 49-58.


    Walters, G. D. Putting more thought into criminology (editorial). International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 1989, 33, v-vii.

    Walters, G. D., & White, T. W. Heredity and crime: Bad genes or bad research? Criminology, 1989, 27, 455-485.

    Walters, G. D., & White, T. W. Lifestyle criminality from a developmental standpoint. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 1989, 13, 257-278.

    Walters, G. D., & White, T. W. Therapeutic interventions with the lifestyle criminal. Journal of Offender Counseling, Services, & Rehabilitation, 1989, 14, 159-169.

    Walters, G. D., & White, T. W. The thinking criminal: A cognitive model of lifestyle criminality. Criminal Justice Research Bulletin, 1989, 4, No. 4.

    White, T. W., & Walters, G. D. Lifestyle criminality and the psychology of disresponsibility. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 1989, 33, 257-263.

    Walters, G. D. Heredity, crime, and the killing-the-bearer-of-bad-news syndrome: A reply to Brennan and Mednick. Criminology, 1990, 28, 601-605.

    Walters, G. D., Revella, L., & Baltrusaitis, W. J. Predicting parole/probation outcome with the aid of the Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form. Psychological Assessment, 1990, 2, 313-316.

    Walters, G. D., & White, T. W. Attachment and social bonding in maximum and minimum security prison inmates. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 1990, 14, 54-69.

    Elliott, W. N., & Walters, G. D. Coping with offender resistance to psychoeducational presentations on the criminal lifestyle. Journal of Correctional Education, 1991, 42, 172-177.

    Walters, G. D. Examining the relationship between airborne pollen levels and 911 calls for assistance. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 1991, 35, 162-166.

    Walters, G. D. Predicting the disciplinary adjustment of maximum and minimum security prison inmates using the Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 1991, 35, 63-71.

    Walters, G. D., White, T. W., & Denney, D. The Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form: Preliminary data. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 1991, 18, 406-418.

    Walters, G. D. A meta-analysis of the gene-crime relationship. Criminology, 1992, 30, 595-613.

    Walters, G. D. Drug-seeking behavior: Disease or lifestyle? Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 1992, 23, 139-145.


    Walters, G. D., & Dignam, J. Fairton's CHOICE program: Developing a comprehensive drug abuse treatment program. Federal Prisons Journal, 1992, 3, 52-55.

    Walters, G. D., Heffron, M., Whitaker, D., & Dial, S. The CHOICE program: A comprehensive residential treatment program for drug-involved federal offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 1992, 36, 21-29.

    Walters, G. D., Whitaker, D., Dial, S., Dairsow, P., & Cianciulli, J. Characteristics and adjustment of federal inmates enrolled in a comprehensive residential drug treatment program. Federal Probation, 1992, 56(2), 48-55.

    Walters, G. D. The lifestyle approach to substance abuse. International Forum for Logotherapy, 1993, 16, 13-19.

    Walters, G. D., & Chlumsky, M. L. The Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form and antisocial personality disorder: Predicting release outcome in a state prison sample. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 1993, 11, 111-115.

    Walters, G. D. Discriminating between high and low volume substance abusers by means of the Drug Lifestyle Screening Interview. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 1994, 20, 19-33.

    Walters, G. D. The drug lifestyle: One pattern or several? Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 1994, 8, 8-13.

    Walters, G. D. The gambling lifestyle: I. Theory. Journal of Gambling Studies, 1994, 10, 159-182.

    Walters, G. D. The gambling lifestyle: II. Treatment. Journal of Gambling Studies, 1994, 10, 219-235.

    Walters, G. D. [Book Review of The Psychology of Gambling by Michael B. Walker]. Journal of Gambling Studies, 1995, 11, 387-390.

    Walters, G. D. Factor structure of the Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 1995, 39, 99-108.

    Walters, G. D. Helping clients abandon a drug lifestyle. Mainstream, Inc. Connection, 1995 (Winter),1.

    Walters, G. D. Integrating logotherapy and lifestyle theory: A remedy for criminal behavior. International Forum for Logotherapy, 1995, 18, 69-73.

    Walters, G. D. Predictive validity of the Drug Lifestyle Screening Form: A two-year follow-up. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 1995, 21, 187-194.


    Walters, G. D. The Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles: Part I. Reliability and initial validity. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 1995, 22, 307-325.

    Walters, G. D. The Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles: Part II. Identifying simulated response sets. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 1995, 22, 437-455.

    Walters, G. D. Addiction and identity: Exploring the possibility of a relationship. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 1996, 10, 9-17.

    Walters, G. D. The natural history of substance misuse in an incarcerated criminal population. Journal of Drug Issues, 1996, 26, 913-928.

    Walters, G. D. The Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles: Part III. Predictive validity. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 1996, 40, 105-112.

    Walters, G. D. Sexual preoccupation as a lifestyle. Sexual and Marital Therapy, 1996, 11, 371-380.

    Elliott, W. N., & Walters, G. D. Conducting psychoeducational interventions with drug abusing clients: The lifestyle model. Journal of Drug Education, 1997, 27, 307-319.

    Walters, G. D. A confirmatory factor analysis of the Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 1997, 24, 294-308.

    Walters, G. D. The paraphilias: A dialectically informed review of etiology,development, and process. Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity: The Journal of Treatment and Prevention, 1997, 4, 221-243.

    Walters, G. D. Predicting short-term release outcome using the LCSF and PICTS. Journal of the Mental Health in Corrections Consortium, 1997, 43(3&4), 18-25.

    Walters, G. D. Problem gambling in a federal prison population: Results from the South Oaks Gambling Screen. Journal of Gambling Studies, 1997, 13, 7-24.

    Walters, G. D. The alcohol expectancy process: Origins, structure, and change. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 1998, 16(3), 25-38.

    Walters, G. D. The Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form: Psychometric properties and practical utility. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 1998, 27, 9-23.

    Walters, G. D. Planning for change: An alternative to treatment planning with sexual offenders. Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 1998, 24, 217-229.

    Walters, G. D. Putting more thought into crime: Nine years later (editorial). International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 1998, 42, 195-197.


    Walters, G. D. Three existential contributions to a theory of lifestyles. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 1998, 38(4), 25-40.

    Walters, G. D. Time series and correlational analyses of inmate-initiated assaultive incidents in a large correctional system. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 1998, 42, 123-131.

    Walters, G. D., & Contri, D. Outcome expectancies for gambling: Empirical modeling of a memory network in federal prison inmates. Journal of Gambling Studies, 1998, 14, 171-189.

    Walters, G. D., Elliott, W. N., & Miscoll, D. Use of the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles in a group of female offenders. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 1998, 25, 125-134.

    Walters, G. D., & McDonough, J. R. The Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form as a predictor of federal parole/probation/ supervised release outcome: A three-year follow-up. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 1998, 3, 173-181.

    Walters, G. D. [Book Review of Within the Hearts and Minds of Prisoners by Edward M. Scott]. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 1999, 43, 120-121.

    Walters, G. D. Crime and chaos: Applying nonlinear dynamic principles to problems in criminology. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 1999, 43, 134-153.

    Walters, G. D. Human survival and the self-destruction paradox: An integrated theoretical model. Journal of Mind and Behavior, 1999, 20, 57-78.

    Walters, G. D. Psychotherapy integration: Contributions from lifestyle theory. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 1999, 8, 147-159.

    Walters, G. D. Short-term outcome of inmates participating in the Lifestyle Change Program. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 1999, 26, 322-337.

    Walters, G. D., & Elliott, W. N. Predicting release outcome with the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles: Female data. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 1999, 4, 15-21.

    Walters, G. D. Behavioral self-control training for problem drinkers: A meta-analysis of randomized control studies. Behavior Therapy, 2000, 31, 135-149.

    Walters, G. D. Disposed to aggress? In search of the violence-prone personality. Aggression and Violent Behavior: A Review Journal, 2000, 5, 177-190.

    Walters, G. D. Helping people help themselves. Mainstream, Inc. Connection, 2000 (Winter), 20,1.


    Walters, G. D. Outcome expectancies for crime: Their relationship to fear and the negative consequences of criminal involvement. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 2000, 5, 261-272.

    Walters, G. D. Should we be treating substance-abusing offenders? (editorial). International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 2000, 44, 525-531.

    Walters, G. D. Spontaneous remission from alcohol, tobacco, and other drug abuse: Seeking quantitative answers to qualitative questions. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 2000, 26, 443-460.

    Walters, G. D., & Gilbert, A. A. Defining addiction: Contrasting views of clients and experts. Addiction Research, 2000, 8, 211-220.

    Walters, G. D., & Willoughby, F. W. The Psychological Inventory of Drug-Based Thinking Styles (PIDTS): Preliminary Data. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 2000, 18(2), 51-66.

    Walters, G. D. Behavior genetic research on gambling and problem gambling: A preliminary meta-analysis of available data. Journal of Gambling Studies, 2001, 17, 255-271.

    Walters, G. D. [Book Review of Correctional Counseling and Treatment (4th Edition) Edited by Peter C. Kratcoski]. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 2001, 129-131.

    Walters, G. D. Development of a Fear-of-Change Scale for the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS). Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 2001, 34, 1-8

    Walters, G. D. A meta-analysis of opinion data on the prescription privilege debate. Canadian Psychology/Psychologie Canadienne, 2001, 42, 119-125.

    Walters, G. D. The relationship between masculinity, femininity, and criminal thinking in male and female offenders. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 2001, 45, 677-689.

    Walters, G. D. Revised validity scales for the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS). Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 2001, 32(4), 1-13.

    Walters, G. D. The shaman effect in counseling clients with alcohol problems. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 2001, 19(3), 31-43.

    Walters, G. D. State-trait anxiety and existential fear: An empirical analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 2001, 30, 1345-1352.

    Walters, G. D. Current and historical content scales for the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS). Legal and Criminological Psychology, 2002, 7, 73-86.


    Walters, G. D. Developmental trajectories, transitions, and nonlinear dynamical systems: A model of crime deceleration and desistance. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 2002, 46, 30-44.

    Walters, G. D. Evolution of the criminal lifestyle: Thoughts on development of a cognitive theory of crime. Crime Scene, 2002, 9(1), 7-9.

    Walters, G. D. The heritability of alcohol abuse and dependence: A meta-analysis of behavior genetic research. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol abuse, 2002, 28, 557-584.

    Walters, G. D. Lessons learned from Project MATCH. Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment, 2002, 1, 135-139.

    Walters, G. D. Promoting change in a drug and criminal lifestyle. Offender Substance Abuse Report, 2002, 2, 3-4, 15-16.

    Walters, G. D. The Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS): A review and meta-analysis. Assessment, 2002, 9, 283-296.

    Walters, G. D. Twelve reasons why we need to find alternatives to Alcoholics Anonymous. Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment, 2002, 1(2), 53-59.

    Walters, G. D., Trgovac, M., Rychlec, M., Di Fazio, R., & Olson, J. R. Assessing change with the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles: A controlled analysis and multisite cross-validation. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2002, 29, 308-331.

    Walters, G. D. Changes in criminal thinking and identity in novice and experienced prison inmates: Prisonization revisited. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2003, 30, 399-421.

    Walters, G. D. Changes in outcome expectancies and criminal thinking following a brief course of psychoeducation. Personality and Individual Differences, 2003, 35, 691-701.

    Walters, G. D. Development of a self-report measure of outcome expectancies for crime. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 2003, 37, 1-10.

    Walters, G. D. Predicting criminal justice outcomes with the Psychopathy Checklist and Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form: A meta-analytic comparison. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 2003, 21, 89-102.

    Walters, G. D. Predicting institutional adjustment and recidivism with the Psychopathy Checklist factor scores: A meta-analysis. Law and Human Behavior, 2003, 27, 541-558.

    Walters, G. D., Duncan, S. A., & Geyer, M. D. Predicting disciplinary adjustment in inmates undergoing forensic evaluation: A direct comparison of the PCL-R and PAI. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology, 2003, 14, 382-393.


    Walters, G. D. [Book Review of Situational Prison Control: Crime Prevention in Correctional Institutions by Richard Wortley]. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2004, 31, 516-518.

    Walters, G. D. Changes in positive and negative crime expectancies in inmates exposed to a brief psychoeducational intervention: Further data. Personality and Individual Differences, 2004, 37, 505-512.

    Walters, G. D. Predictors of early termination in a prison-based program of psychoeducation. The Prison Journal, 2004, 84, 171-183.

    Walters, G. D. The trouble with psychopathy as a general theory of crime. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 2004, 48, 133-148.

    Walters, G. D. Understanding the popular appeal of horror cinema: An integrated-interactive model. Journal of Media Psychology, 2004, 9, No. 2 (On line article, http://www.calstatela.edu/faculty/sfishco/).

    Walters, G. D., & Geyer, M. D. Criminal thinking and identity in white-collar offenders. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2004, 31, 263-281.

    Walters, G. D. The effect of a gambling lifestyle group intervention on subsequent disciplinary adjustment in male prisoners. Journal of Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment, 2005, 4, 21-28.

    Walters, G. D. How many factors are there on the PICTS? Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 2005, 15, 227-237.

    Walters, G. D. Incremental validity of the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles as a predictor of continuous and dichotomous measures of recidivism. Assessment, 2005, 12, 19-27.

    Walters, G. D. Institutional adjustment in male inmates completing a 20-week drug lifestyle intervention. Offender Substance Abuse Report, 2005, 5, 51-53, 64.

    Walters, G. D. Mapping the criminal mind: Idiographic assessment of criminal belief systems. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 2005, 49, 5-24.

    Walters, G. D. Predicting institutional adjustment with the Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form and Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 2005, 4, 63-70.

    Walters, G. D. Recidivism in released Lifestyle Change Program participants. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2005, 32, 50-68.

    Walters, G. D., & Duncan, S. A. Use of the PCL-R and PAI to predict release outcome in inmates undergoing forensic evaluation. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology, 2005, 16, 459-476.


    Walters, G. D., & Geyer, M. D. Construct validity of the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles in relationship to the PAI, disciplinary adjustment, and program completion. Journal of Personality Assessment, 2005, 84, 252-260.

    Walters, G. D. Appraising, researching, and conceptualizing criminal thinking: A personal view. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 2006, 16, 87-99.

    Walters, G. D. Coping with malingering and exaggeration of psychiatric symptomatology in offender populations. American Journal of Forensic Psychology, 2006, 24(4), 21-40.

    Walters, G. D. Effect of test administration on the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS). International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 2006, 50, 661-671.

    Walters, G. D. Measuring the utility of journals in the crime-psychology field: Beyond the impact factor. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 2006, 57, 1804-1813.

    Walters, G. D. Predicting subsequent citations to articles published in twelve crime-psychology journals: Author impact versus journal impact. Scientometrics, 2006, 69, 499-510.

    Walters, G. D. Proactive and reactive composite scales for the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS). Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 2006, 42, 23-36.

    Walters, G. D. Risk-appraisal versus self-report in the prediction of criminal justice outcomes: A meta-analysis. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2006, 33, 279-304.

    Walters, G. D. Use of the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles to predict disciplinary adjustment in male inmate program participants. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 2006, 50, 166-173.

    Walters, G. D. Correlations between the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles and World-View Rating Scale in male federal prisoners. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 2007, 17, 184-188.

    Walters, G. D. Introduction: Methodological and statistical advances in correctional and forensic psychology. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2007, 34, 1533-1535.

    Walters, G. D. The latent structure of the criminal lifestyle: A taxometric analysis of the Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form and Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2007, 34, 1623-1637.

    Walters, G. D. Measuring proactive and reactive criminal thinking with the PICTS: Correlations with outcome expectancies and hostile attribution biases. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2007, 22, 371-385.


    Walters, G. D. Predicting institutional adjustment with the Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form and the Antisocial Features and Aggression scales of the PAI. Journal of Personality Assessment, 2007, 88, 99-105.

    Walters, G. D. Predicting institutional adjustment with the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles composite scales: Replication and extension. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 2007, 12, 69-81.

    Walters, G. D. Response style versus crime specific cognition: Predicting disciplinary adjustment and recidivism with the PICTS. Assessment, 2007, 14, 35-43.

    Walters, G. D. Turning to fiction for clues on serial homicide: The case of John Fowles’ The Collector. Journal of Behavioral Profiling, 2007, 7, 26-38.

    Walters, G. D. Using Poisson class regression to analyze count data in correctional and forensic psychology: A relatively old solution to a relatively new problem. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2007, 34, 1659-1674.

    Walters, G. D., Diamond, P. M., Magaletta, P. R., Geyer, M. D., & Duncan, S. A. Taxometric analysis of the Antisocial Features scale of the Personality Assessment Inventory in federal prison inmates. Assessment, 2007, 14, 351-360.

    Walters, G. D., Duncan, S. A., & Mitchell-Perez, K. The latent structure of psychopathy: A taxometric investigation of the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised in a heterogeneous sample of male prison inmates. Assessment, 2007, 14, 270-278.

    Walters, G. D., Frederick, A. A., & Schlauch, C. Postdicting arrests for proactive and reactive aggression with the PICTS Proactive and Reactive composite scales. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2007, 22, 1415-1430.

    Walters, G. D., & Geyer, M. D. The PICTS Fear-of-Change scale: Construct and predictive validity. The Prison Journal, 2007, 87, 211-226.

    Walters, G. D., Gray, N. S., Jackson, R. L., Sewell, K. W., Rogers, R., Taylor, J., & Snowden, R. J. A taxometric analysis of the Psychopathy Checklist: Screening Version (PCL:SV): Further evidence of dimensionality. Psychological Assessment, 2007, 19, 330-339.

    Walters, G. D., & Mandell, W. Incremental validity of the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles and Psychopathy Checklist: Screening Version in predicting disciplinary outcome. Law and Human Behavior, 2007, 31, 141-157.

    Walters, G. D., & McCoy, K. Taxometric analysis of the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles in male and female incarcerated offenders and college students. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2007, 34, 781-793.

    Walters, G. D. The latent structure of alcohol use disorders: A taxometric analysis of structured interview data obtained from male federal prison inmates. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 2008, 43, 326-333.


    Walters, G. D. Self-report measures of psychopathy, antisocial personality, and criminal lifestyle: Testing and validating a two-dimensional model. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2008, 35, 1459-1483.

    Walters, G. D., Brinkley, C. A., Magaletta, P. R., & Diamond, P. M. Taxometric analysis of the Levenson self-report psychopathy scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 2008, 90, 491-498.

    Walters, G. D., Knight, R. A., Grann, M., & Dahle, K.-P. Incremental validity of the Psychopathy Checklist facet scores: Predicting release outcome in six samples. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 2008, 117, 396-405.

    Walters. G. D., Rogers, R., Berry, D. T. R., Miller, H. A., Duncan, S. A., McCusker, P. J., Payne, J. W., & Granacher, R. P., Jr. Malingering as a categorical or dimensional construct: The latent structure of feigned psychopathology as measured by the SIRS and MMPI-2. Psychological Assessment, 2008, 20, 238-247.

    Walters, G. D., & Schlauch, C. The Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles and Level of Service Inventory-Revised: Screening Version as predictors of official and self-reported disciplinary infractions. Law and Human Behavior, 2008, 32, 454-462.

    Ruscio, J., & Walters, G. D. Using comparison data to differentiate categorical and dimensional data by examining factor score distributions: Resolving the mode problem. Psychological Assessment, 2009, 21, 578-594.

    Walters, G. D. The differential impact of anger management training on proactive and reactive criminal thinking. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 2009, 8, 214-217.

    Walters, G. D. Effect of a longer versus shorter test-release interval on recidivism prediction with the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS). International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 2009, 53, 665-678.

    Walters, G. D. Latent structure of a two-dimensional model of antisocial personality disorder: Construct validation and taxometric analysis. Journal of Personality Disorders, 2009, 23, 647-660.

    Walters, G. D. The Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles and Psychopathy Checklist: Screening Version as incrementally valid predictors of recidivism. Law and Human Behavior, 2009, 33, 497-505.

    Walters, G. D. Taxometric analysis of alcohol dependence in male prisoners: Measuring latent structure with indicators from DSM-IV. Addiction Research and Theory, 2009, 17, 372-380.

    Walters, G. D., Berry, D. T. R., Lanyon, R. I., & Murphy, M. P. Are exaggerated health complaints continuous or categorical? A taxometric analysis of the Health Problem Overstatement scale. Psychological Assessment, 2009, 21, 219-226.


    Walters, G. D., Berry, D. T. R., Rogers, R., Payne, J. W., & Granacher, R. P., Jr. Feigned neurocognitive deficit: Taxon or dimension? Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 2009, 31, 584-593.

    Walters, G. D., Deming, A., & Elliott, W. N. Assessing criminal thinking in male sex offenders with the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS). Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2009, 36, 1025-1036.

    Walters, G. D., Felix, C. M., & Reinoehl, R. Cross-gender invariance and replicability of a two-dimensional model of antisociality in male and female college students. Personality and Individual Differences, 2009, 46, 704-708.

    Walters, G. D., Hennig, C. L., Negola, T. D., & Fricke, L. A. The latent structure of alcohol dependence in female federal prisoners. Addiction Research and Theory, 2009, 17, 525-537.

    Walters, G. D., Knight, R. A., & Thornton, D. The latent structure of sexual violence risk: A taxometric analysis of popular sex offender actuarial risk measures. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2009, 36, 290-306.

    Walters, G. D., & Ruscio, J. To sum or not to sum: Taxometric analysis with ordered categorical assessment items. Psychological Assessment, 2009, 21, 99-111.

    Kennealy, P. J., Skeem, J. L., Walters, G. D., & Camp, J. Do core interpersonal and affective traits of PCL-R psychopathy interact with antisocial behavior and disinhibition to predict violence? Psychological Assessment, 2010, 22, 569-580.

    Ruscio, J., Walters, G. D., Markus, D., & Kaczetow, W. Comparing the relative fit of categorical and dimensional latent variable models using consistency test. Psychological Assessment, 2010, 22, 5-21.

    Walters, G. D. Dementia: Continuum or distinct entity. Psychology and Aging, 2010, 25, 534-544.

    Walters, G. D., Diamond, P. M., & Magaletta, P. R. What is the Latent Structure of Alcohol Use Disorders? A Taxometric Analysis of the PAI Alcohol Problems Scale in Male and Female Prison Inmates. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 2010, 24, 26-37.

    Walters, G. D., & Heilbrun, K. Violence risk assessment and Facet 4 of the Psychopathy Checklist: Predicting institutional and community aggression in two forensic samples. Assessment, 2010, 17, 259-268.

    Walters, G. D., & Knight, R. A. Antisocial personality disorder with and without antecedent conduct disorder: Does it make a difference? Journal of Personality Disorders, 2010, 24, 258-271.

    Walters, G. D., McGrath, R. E., & Knight, R. A. Taxometrics, polytomous constructs, and the comparative curve fit index: A Monte Carlo analysis. Psychological Assessment, 2010, 22, 149-156.


    Walters, G. D., Ronen, T., & Rosenbaum, M. The latent structure of childhood aggression: A taxometric analysis of self-reported and teacher-rated aggression in Israeli schoolchildren. Psychological Assessment, 2010, 22, 628-637.

    Walters, G. D., & Ruscio, J. Where do we draw the line? Assigning cases to subsamples for MAMBAC, MAXCOV, and MAXEIG taxometric analyses. Assessment, 2010, 17, 321-333.

    DeLisi, M., & Walters, G. D. Multiple Homicide as a function of prisonization and concurrent instrumental offending: Testing an interactive model: A Research Note. Crime and Delinquency, 2011, 57, 147-161.

    Green, B. A., Ahmed, A. O., Marcus, D. K., & Walters, G. D. The latent structure of alcohol use pathology in an epidemiological sample. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 2011, 45, 225-233.

    Marcus, D. K., Sanford, G. M., Edens, J. F., Knight, R. A., & Walters, G. D. Taxometrics and evolutionary theory: The case of the psychopathic sexuality taxon. Scientific Review of Mental Health Practice, 2011, 8, 6-16.

    Ruscio, J., & Walters, G. D. Differentiating categorical and dimensional data with taxometric analysis: Are two variables better than none? Psychological Assessment, 2011, 23, 287-299.

    Walters, G. D. Black-white differences in positive outcome expectancies for crime: A study of male federal prison inmates. Journal of Criminal Justice, 2011, 39, 192-197.

    Walters, G. D. Childhood temperament: Dimensions or types? Personality and Individual Differences, 2011, 50, 1168-1173.

    Walters, G. D. The citation life cycle of articles published in 13 American Psychological Association journals: A 25-year longitudinal analysis. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 2011, 62, 1629-1636.

    Walters, G. D. Criminal thinking as a mediator of the mental illness-prison violence relationship: A path analytic study and causal mediation analysis. Psychological Services, 2011, 8, 189-199.

    Walters, G. D. The latent structure of life-course-persistent antisocial behavior: Is Moffitt’s developmental taxonomy a true taxonomy? Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2011, 79, 96-105.

    Walters, G. D. Predicting recidivism with the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles and Level of Service Inventory-Revised: Screening Version. Law and Human Behavior, 2011, 35, 211-220.

    Walters, G. D. Screening for malingering/exaggeration of psychiatric symptomatology in prison inmates using the PICTS Confusion and Infrequency scales. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2011, 56, 444-449.

    Walters, G. D. Taking the next step: Combining incrementally valid indicators to improve recidivism prediction. Assessment, 2011, 18, 227-233.

    Walters, G. D., Hagman, B. T., & Cohn, A. M. Towards a hierarchical model of criminal thinking: Evidence from item response theory and confirmatory factor analysis. Psychological Assessment, 2011, 23, 925-936.

    Walters, G. D., Knight, R. A., & Långström, N. Is Hypersexuality Dimensional? Evidence for the DSM-5 from General Population and Clinical Samples. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 2011, 40, 1309-1321.

    Walters, G. D., Marcus, D. K., Edens, J. F., Knight, R. A., & Sanford, G. M. In search of the psychopathic sexuality taxon: Indicator size does matter. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 2011, 29, 23-39.

    Walters, G. D., Wilson, N. J., & Glover, A. J. J. Predicting Recidivism with the Psychopathy Checklist: Are Factor Score Composites Really Necessary? Psychological Assessment, 2011, 23, 552-557.

    McGrath, R. E., & Walters, G. D. Taxometric analysis as a general strategy for distinguishing categorical from dimensional latent structure. Psychological Methods, 2012, 17, 284-293.

    Walters. G. D. Criminal thinking and recidivism: Meta-analytic evidence on the predictive and incremental validity of the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS). Aggression and Violent Behavior, 2012, 17, 272-278.

    Walters, G. D. Developmental trajectories of delinquent behavior: One pattern or several? Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2012, 39, 1192-1203.

    Walters, G. D. Differences in conceptualization and differences in methodology: Reply to Gavett and Stern (2012). Psychology and Aging, 2012, 27, 798-800.

    Walters, G. D. Psychopathy and crime: Testing the incremental validity of PCL-R-measured psychopathy as a predictor of general and violent recidivism. Law and Human Behavior, 2012, 36, 404-412.

    Walters, G. D. Substance abuse and criminal thinking: Testing the countervailing, mediation, and specificity hypotheses. Law and Human Behavior, 2012, 36, 506-512.

    Walters, G. D. Taxometrics and criminal justice: Assessing the latent structure of crime-related constructs. Journal of Criminal Justice, 2012, 40, 10-20.

    Walters, G. D. Delinquency, parental involvement, early adult criminality, and sex: Evidence of moderated mediation. Journal of Adolescence, 2013, 36, 777-785.

    Walters, G. D. Dimensions versus categories in psychiatric diagnosis. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 2013, 201, 532-533.

    Walters, G. D. Introduction to the special issue: Psychology of Crime. Journal of Criminal Justice, 2013, 41, 61-63.

    Walters, G. D. Testing the specificity postulate of the violence graduation hypothesis: Meta-analyses of the animal cruelty-offending relationship. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 2013, 18, 797-802.

    Walters, G. D., & Crawford, G. In and Out of Prison: Do Importation Factors Predict All Forms of Misconduct or Just the More Serious Ones? Journal of Criminal Justice, 2013, 41, 407-413.

    Walters, G. D., & DeLisi, M. Antisocial cognition and crime continuity: Cognitive mediation of the past crime-future crime relationship. Journal of Criminal Justice, 2013, 41, 135-140.

    Walters, G. D., & Ruscio, J. Trajectories of youthful antisocial behavior: Categories or continua? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2013, 41, 653-666.

    Walters, G. D. An item response theory analysis of the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles: Comparing male and female probationers and prisoners. Psychological Assessment, 2014, 26, 1050-1055.

    Walters, G. D. Continuous versus categorical models of delinquency risk. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 2014, 39, 395-410.

    Walters, G. D. Crime and substance misuse in adjudicated delinquent youth: The worst of both worlds. Law and Human Behavior, 2014, 38, 139-150.

    Walters, G. D. Does substance abuse fall exclusively along the externalizing spectrum? Substance Use and Misuse, 2014, 49, 724-734.

    Walters, G. D. The latent structure of psychopathy in male adjudicated delinquents: A cross-domain taxometric analysis. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 2014, 5, 348-355.

    Walters, G. D. Pathways to early delinquency: Exploring the individual and collective contributions of difficult temperament, low maternal involvement, and externalizing behavior. Journal of Criminal Justice, 2014, 42, 321-326.

    Walters, G. D. Predicting self-reported total, aggressive, and income offending with the youth version of the Psychopathy Checklist: Gender- and factor-level interactions. Psychological Assessment, 2014, 26, 288-296.

    Walters, G. D. Relationships among race, education, criminal thinking and recidivism: Moderator and mediator effects. Assessment, 2014, 21, 82-91.

    Walters, G. D. Sex as a moderator and perceived peer pressure as a mediator of the externalizing-delinquency relationship: A test of gendered pathways theory. Journal of Criminal Justice, 2014, 42, 299-305.

    Walters, G. D. Testing the direct, indirect, and moderated effects of childhood animal cruelty on future aggressive and non-aggressive offending. Aggressive Behavior, 2014, 40, 238-249.

    Walters, G. D., & Crawford, G. Major mental illness and violence history as predictors of institutional misconduct and recidivism: Main and interaction effects. Law and Human Behavior, 2014, 38, 238-247.

    Walters, G. D., Kroner, D. G., DeMatteo, D., & Locklair, B. R. The impact of base rate utilization and clinical experience on the accuracy of judgments made with the HCR-20. Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice, 2014, 14, 288-301.

    Walters, G. D., & Urban, H. Age of substance use onset as a predictor of early adult substance dependence and offending in male and female delinquents: Simple and mediated moderation. Journal of Drug Issues, 2014, 44, 442-456.

    Walters, G. D. Cognitive mediation of crime continuity: A causal mediation analysis of the past crime-future crime relationship. Crime and Delinquency, 2015, 61, 1234-1256.

    Walters, G. D. Criminal and substance involvement from adolescence to adulthood: Precursors, mediators, and long-term effects. Justice Quarterly, 2015, 32, 729-747.

    Walters, G. D. Criminal thinking as a predictor of prison misconduct and mediator of the static risk-infractions relationship, The Prison Journal, 2015, 95, 353-369.

    Walters, G. D. The decision to commit crime: Rational or nonrational? Criminology, Criminal Justice, Law & Society, 2015, 16(3), 1-18. Available on-line from: https://scholasticahq.com/criminology-criminal-justice-law-society/

    Walters, G. D. Early childhood temperament, maternal monitoring, reactive criminal thinking, and the origin(s) of low self-control. Journal of Criminal Justice, 2015, 43, 369-376.

    Walters, G. D. The latent structure of alcohol misuse in young adults: Do taxometric results differ as a function of prior criminal history? Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2015, 157, 90-98.

    Walters, G. D. The latent structure of criminal persistence: A taxometric analysis of offending behavior from late adolescence to early adulthood in adjudicated male delinquents. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 2015, 40, 542-559.

    Walters, G. D. Maternal dysphoria, maternal attitudes toward parenting, and childhood externalizing behavior as predictors of physical aggression in children. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment, and Trauma, 2015, 24, 825-844.

    Walters, G. D. Measuring the quantity and quality of scholarly productivity in criminology and criminal justice: A test of three integrated models. Scientometrics, 2015, 102, 2011-2022.

    Walters, G. D. A multi-wave cross-lagged regression analysis of the Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory and self-reported offending. Journal of Criminal Justice, 2015, 43, 327-336.

    Walters, G. D. Parental attitude toward deviance as a predictor of delinquency: Making the connection via perception and cognition, Journal of Adolescence, 2015, 39, 27-35.

    Walters, G. D. Proactive criminal thinking and the transmission of differential association: A cross-lagged multi-wave path analysis. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2015, 42, 1128-1144.

    Walters, G. D. Recidivism and the “worst of both worlds” hypothesis: Do substance misuse and crime interact or accumulate? Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2015, 42, 435-451.

    Walters, G. D. Short-term goals and physically hedonistic values as mediators of the past crime-future crime relationship. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 2015, 20, 81-95.

    Walters, G. D. A two-dimensional model of psychopathy and antisocial behavior: A multi-sample investigation using items from the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised. Personality and Individual Differences, 2015, 78, 88-93.

    Walters, G. D., & DeLisi, M. Psychopathy and violence: Does antisocial cognition mediate the relationship between the PCL: YV factor scores and violent offending? Law and Human Behavior, 2015, 39, 350-359.

    Walters, G. D., Deming, A., & Casbon, T. Predicting recidivism in sex offenders with the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS). Assessment, 2015, 22, 167-177.

    Walters, G. D., Ermer, E., Knight, R. A., & Kiehl, K. A. Paralimbic biomarkers in taxometric analyses of psychopathy: Does changing the indicators change the conclusion? Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 2015, 6, 41-52.

    Walters, G. D., & Kiehl, K. A. Limbic correlates of fearlessness and disinhibition in incarcerated youth: Exploring the brain-behavior relationship with the Hare Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version. Psychiatry Research, 2015, 230, 205-210.

    Walters, G. D., & Magaletta, P. R. Comorbid antisocial and substance misuse proclivity and mental health service utilization by female inmates: Testing the worst of both worlds hypothesis with the PAI. Psychological Services, 2015, 12, 28-36.

    Walters, G. D., & Noon, A. Family context and externalizing correlates of childhood animal cruelty in adjudicated delinquents. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2015, 30, 1369-1386.

    Graham, F. J., Walters, G. D., Harris, D. A., & Knight, R. A. Is hypersexuality dimensional or categorical? Evidence from male and female college samples. Journal of Sex Research, 2016, 53, 224-238.

    Walters, G. D. Adding authorship order to the quantity and quality dimensions of scholarly productivity: Evidence from group- and individual-level analyses. Scientometrics, 2016, 106, 769-785.

    Walters, G. D. Age of crime/substance onset and crime/drug versatility as dimensions of the “worst of both worlds” effect. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 2016, 27, 668-683.

    Walters, G. D. Are behavioral measures of self¿control and the Grasmick self-control scale measuring the same construct? A meta-analysis. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 2016, 41, 151-167.

    Walters, G. D. Breaking the Cycle Demonstration Project: Using a quasi-experimental analysis to test the "worst of both worlds" hypothesis and risk principle. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 2016, 12, 127-141.

    Walters, G. D. Crime continuity and psychological inertia: Testing the cognitive mediation and additive postulates with male adjudicated delinquents. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 2016, 32, 237-252.

    Walters, G. D. Criminal thought content and criminal thought process as mediators of peer influence: Combined versus individual effects. Criminal Justice Review, 2016, 41, 318-334.

    Walters, G. D. Forging a link between conduct disorder and adolescent/adult offending via externalizing behavior and reading performance, Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 2016, 14, 61-75.

    Walters, G. D. Friends, cognition, and delinquency: Proactive and reactive criminal thinking as mediators of the peer influence and peer selection effects among male delinquents. Justice Quarterly, 2016, 33, 1055-1079.

    Walters, G. D. From prison to the streets: Can importation work in reverse?" Law and Human Behavior, 2016, 40, 660-669.

    Walters, G. D. Low self-control, peer rejection, reactive criminal thinking, and delinquent peer associations: Connecting the pieces of the crime puzzle. Journal of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology, 2016, 2, 209-231.

    Walters, G. D. Mediating the distal crime-drug relationship with proximal reactive criminal thinking. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 2016, 30, 128-137.

    Walters, G. D. Neighborhood context, youthful offending, and peer selection: Does it take a village to raise a non-delinquent? Criminal Justice Review, 2016, 41, 5-20.

    Walters, G. D. The parent-peer interface: Does inductive parenting reduce the criminogenic effect of delinquent peers? Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 2016, 14, 411-425.

    Walters, G. D. Predicting recidivism with the Criminal Sentiments Scale: A meta-analysis of a putative measure of criminal thought content. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2016, 43, 1159-1172.

    Walters, G. D. Proactive and reactive criminal thinking, psychological inertia, and the crime continuity conundrum. Journal of Criminal Justice, 2016, 46, 45-61.

    Walters, G. D. Proactive criminal thinking, cold heartedness, and counselor rapport in correctional clients participating in substance abuse treatment. Personality and Individual Differences, 2016, 98, 239-243.

    Walters, G. D. Reflected appraisals and self-view in delinquency development: An analysis of retrospective accounts from members of the Racine birth cohorts. Journal of Criminal Justice, 2016, 47, 100-107.

    Walters, G. D. Someone to look up to: Effect of role models on delinquent peer selection and influence. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 2016, 14, 257-271.

    Walters, G. D. The working alliance between substance abusing offenders and their parole officers and counselors: Its impact on outcome and role as a mediator. Journal of Crime and Justice, 2016, 39, 421-437.

    Walters, G. D., & Cohen, T. H. Criminal thought process as a dynamic risk factor: Variable- and person-oriented approaches to recidivism prediction. Law and Human Behavior, 2016, 40, 411-419.

    Walters, G. D., Knight, R. A., Looman, J., & Abracen, J. Child molestation and psychopathy: A taxometric analysis. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 2016, 22, 379-393.

    Walters, G. D., & Kremser, J. Differences in career aspirations, influences, and motives as a function of class standing: An empirical evaluation of undergraduate criminal justice majors. Journal of Criminal Justice Education, 2016, 27, 312-323.

    Walters, G. D., & Lowenkamp, C. T. Predicting recidivism with the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS) in community-supervised male and female federal offenders. Psychological Assessment, 2016, 28, 652-659.

    Walters, G. D. Animal cruelty and firesetting as behavioral markers of fearlessness and disinhibition: Putting two-thirds of Macdonald’s triad to work. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology, 2017, 28, 10-23.

    Walters, G. D. Beyond dustbowl empiricism: The need for theory in recidivism prediction research and its potential realization in causal mediation analysis. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2017, 44, 40-58.

    Walters, G. D. The drug-crime connection in adolescent and adult respondents: Interaction versus addition. Journal of Drug Issues, 2017, 47, 205-216.

    Walters, G. D. Effect of a brief cognitive behavioral intervention on criminal thinking and prison misconduct in male inmates: Variable-oriented and person-oriented analyses. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 2017, 27, 457-469.

    Walters, G. D. Measuring low self-control and reactive criminal thinking in the NLSY¿Child sample: One construct or two?' American Journal of Criminal Justice, 2017, 42, 314-328.

    Walters, G. D. Proactive criminal thinking and deviant identity as mediators of the peer influence effect. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 2017, 15, 281-298.

    Walters, G. D. Reactive criminal thinking as a consequence of low self-control and prior offending. Deviant Behavior, 2017, 38, 119-129.

    Walters, G. D., & Espelage, D. L. Mediating the bullying victimization¿delinquency relationship with anger and cognitive impulsivity: A test of general strain and criminal lifestyle theories. Journal of Criminal Justice, 2017, 53, 66-73.

    Walters, G. D., & Mandracchia, J. T. Testing criminological theory with causal mediation analysis: Current status and future directions. Journal of Criminal Justice, 2017, 49, 53-64.

    Walters, G. D., & Yurvati, E. Testing the construct validity of the PICTS proactive and reactive scores against six putative measures of proactive and reactive criminal thinking. Psychology, Crime, and Law, 2017, 23, 1-14.

    Kingston, D. A., Walters, G. D., Olver, M. E., Levaque, E., Sawatsky, M., & Lalumiére, M. L. Understanding the latent structure of hypersexuality: A taxometric investigation. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 2018, 47, 2207-2221.

    Walters, G. D. Applying causal mediation analysis to personality disorder research. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 2018, 9, 12-21.

    Walters, G. D. Black-white and male-female differences in criminal thinking: Examining instrumental and expressive motives for crime in federal supervisees. The Prison Journal, 2018, 98, 277-293.

    Walters, G. D. Callous-unemotional traits and moral disengagement as antecedents to the peer influence effect: Moderation or mediation? Journal of Crime and Justice, 2018, 41, 259-275.

    Walters, G. D. Change in the perceived certainty of punishment as an inhibitor of post-juvenile offending in serious delinquents: Deterrence at the adult transition. Crime and Delinquency, 2018, 64, 1306-1325.

    Walters, G. D. Checking the math: Do restrictive housing and mental health need add up to psychological deterioration? Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2018, 45, 1347-1362.

    Walters, G. D. Child and adolescent maltreatment as a mediator of continuity in callous-unemotional traits and low self-control. Children and Youth Services Review, 2018, 84, 26-34.

    Walters, G. D. College as a turning point: Crime deceleration as a function of college attendance and improved cognitive control. Emerging Adulthood, 2018, 6, 336-346.

    Walters, G. D. Does drug use inhibit crime deceleration or does crime inhibit drug use deceleration? A test of the reciprocal risk postulate of the Worst of Both Worlds Hypothesis. Substance Use and Misuse, 2018, 53, 1681-1687.

    Walters, G. D. Exposure to violence as a mediator of the CU¿aggression relationship: On the importance of establishing the causal direction of variables in a path analysis. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 2018, 40, 169-179.

    Walters, G. D. Getting specific about psychological inertia: Mediating the past crime¿future crime relationship with self-efficacy for a conventional lifestyle. Criminal Justice Review, 2018, 43, 186-201.

    Walters, G. D. Inhibiting the inhibitor: Are callous-unemotional traits capable of suppressing the inhibitory effect of child self-disclosure on delinquency? Journal of Developmental and Life Course Criminality, 2018, 4, 232-250.

    Walters, G. D. Mediating the relationship between parental control/support and offspring delinquency: Self-efficacy for a conventional lifestyle versus self-efficacy for deviance. Crime and Delinquency, 2018, 64, 606-624.

    Walters, G. D. Parent and child reports of animal cruelty and their correlations with parent and child reports of child delinquency. Psychology, Crime, and Law, 2018, 24, 479-488.

    Walters, G. D. Peers, parents, and proactive criminal thinking: Comparing additive and interactive effects in mid- to late-adolescents. Deviant Behavior, 2018, 39, 868-877.

    Walters, G. D. Personality and crime: Mediating the agreeableness¿offending and conscientiousness¿offending relationships with proactive and reactive criminal thinking. Personality and Individual Differences, 2018, 129, 166-170.

    Walters, G. D. PM effect size estimation for mediation analysis: A cautionary note, alternate strategy, and real data illustration. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018, 21, 25-33.

    Walters, G. D. Positive and negative social influences and crime acceleration during the transition from childhood to adolescence: The interplay of risk and protective factors. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 2018, 28, 414-423.

    Walters, G. D. Predicting short- and long-term desistance from crime with the NEO Personality Inventory-Short Form: Domain scores and interactions in high risk delinquent youth. Journal of Research in Personality, 2018, 75, 37-45.

    Walters, G. D. Proactive and reactive criminal thinking and self-reported offending: A cross-national survey of 7th thru 9th grade boys and girls. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 2018, 62, 89-107.

    Walters, G. D. Procedural justice, legitimacy beliefs, and moral disengagement in emerging adulthood: Explaining continuity and desistance in the moral model of criminal lifestyle development. Law and Human Behavior, 2018, 42, 37-49.

    Walters, G. D. Resistance to peer influence and crime desistance in emerging adulthood: A moderated mediation analysis. Law and Human Behavior, 2018, 42, 520-530.

    Walters, G. D. Sibling delinquency as a risk factor for future offending: An exploratory analysis. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 2018, 16, 343-357.

    Walters, G. D. Starting off on the wrong foot: Cognitive impulsivity and low self-control as predictors of early school maladjustment. Deviant Behavior, 2018, 39, 1322-1335.

    Walters, G. D. Structured community activities and moral engagement as deterrents to youth violence: A mediation analysis. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 2018, 43, 294-312.

    Walters, G. D. Unsupervised routine activities as a mediator of the parental knowledge-delinquency relationship. Justice Quarterly, 2018, 35, 871-894.

    Walters, G. D., & Duncan, S. A. Performance-Verbal discrepancies and facets of psychopathy: Assessing the relationship between WAIS-R/III summary IQs/index scores and PCL-R facet scores. Journal of Criminal Psychology, 2018, 8, 234-246.

    Walters, G. D., & Espelage, D. L. Cognitive insensitivity and cognitive impulsivity as mediators of bullying continuity: Extending the psychological inertia construct to bullying behavior. School Psychology Quarterly, 2018, 33, 527-536.

    Walters, G. D., & Espelage, D. L. Exploring the victimization¿early substance misuse relationship: In search of moderating and mediating effects. Child Abuse and Neglect, 2018, 81, 354-365.

    Walters, G. D., & Espelage, D. L. From victim to victimizer: Hostility, anger, and depression as mediators of the bullying victimization¿bullying perpetration relationship. Journal of School Psychology, 2018, 68, 73-83.

    Walters, G. D., & Espelage, D. L. Prior bullying, delinquency, and victimization as predictors of teen dating violence in high school students: Evidence of moderation by sex. Victims and Offenders, 2018, 13, 859-875.

    Walters, G. D., & Espelage, D. L. Resurrecting the empathy¿bullying relationship with a pro-bullying attitudes mediator: The Lazarus effect in mediation research. Journal of Child Abnormal Psychology, 2018, 46, 1229-1239.

    Walters, G. D., & Espelage, D. L. The significance of variable order in assessing the effect of perceived parental knowledge and peer deviance on participant delinquency: A replication and extension. Crime and Delinquency, 2018, 64, 1417-1436.

    Walters, G. D., & Morgan, R. D. Assessing criminal thought content: Preliminary validation of the Criminal Thought Content Inventory (CTCI). Psychology, Crime, and Law, 2018, 24, 603-620.

    Bolger, P. C., & Walters, G. D. The relationship between police procedural justice, police legitimacy, and people’s willingness to cooperate with law enforcement: A meta-analysis. Journal of Criminal Justice, 2019, 60, 93-99.

    Walters, G. D. Acculturation and crime: Protecting the male and female offspring of U.S. immigrants against future arrest and incarceration. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 2019, 29, 455-466.

    Walters, G. D. Animal cruelty and bullying: Behavioral markers of delinquency risk or causal antecedents of delinquent behavior. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 2019, 62, 77-84.

    Walters, G. D. Are the effects of parental control/support and peer delinquency on future offending cumulative or interactive? A multiple group analysis of 10 longitudinal studies. Journal of Criminal Justice, 2019, 60, 13-24.

    Walters, G. D. Changes in arrest rate as a function of probation and participant criminal history risk: Does probation work best with lower risk probationers. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 2019, 30, 748-764.

    Walters, G. D. Does attitude toward offending play a role in a person’s compliance with the law? Procedural justice, institutional legitimacy, and the perceived wrongfulness of offending behavior. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 2019, 34, 303-313.

    Walters, G. D. Early attachment and narcissistic entitlement: Tracing the roots of adolescent proactive criminal Thinking, Journal of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology, 2019, 5, 266-285.

    Walters, G. D. Gang influence: Mediating the gang¿delinquency relationship with proactive criminal thinking. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2019, 46, 1044-1062.

    Walters, G. D. Maturing out of delinquency: Unpacking the effects of identity achievement and future orientation on crime desistance. Self and Identity, 2019, 18, 267-283.

    Walters, G. D. Mothers and fathers, sons and daughters: Parental knowledge and quality of the parent-child relationship as predictors of delinquency in same- and cross-sex parent-child dyads. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 2019, 28, 1850-1861.

    Walters, G. D. Peer influence or projection bias? Predicting respondent delinquency with perceptual measures of peer delinquency in 22 samples. Journal of Adolescence, 2019, 70, 1-12.

    Walters, G. D. Predicting early adolescent offending with criminal victimization and delinquent peer associations by way of negative attitudes toward the police. Law and Human Behavior, 2019, 43, 517-526.

    Walters, G. D. Psychological inertia revisited: Replicating and extending the differential effect of proactive and reactive criminal thinking on crime continuity. Deviant Behavior, 2019, 40, 156-170.

    Walters, G. D. Sex offending and the transition from adolescence to adulthood: A cross-lagged analysis of general offending and sexual assault in college males. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2019, 34, 1311-1328.

    Walters, G. D. Social control vs. social learning: Self-efficacy for future academic success and peer delinquency as mediators of the parental support-delinquency relationship. Criminal Justice Review, 2019, 44, 101-118.

    Walters, G. D. Tracing the delinquency acquisition sequence from older siblings, to friends, to self: A mediation analysis. Journal of Adolescence, 2019, 75, 113-122.

    Walters, G. D. Why are mediation effects so small? International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2019, 22, 219-232.

    Walters, G. D., & Bolger, P. C. Procedural justice perceptions, legitimacy beliefs, and compliance with the law: A meta-analysis. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 2019, 15, 341-372.

    Walters, G. D., & Espelage, D. L. Bullying perpetration and subsequent delinquency: A regression-based analysis of early adolescent schoolchildren. Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019, 39, 669-688.

    Walters, G. D., & Espelage, D. L. Latent structure of early adolescent bullying perpetration: A taxometric analysis of raw and ranked scores. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019, 79, 754-772.

    Walters, G. D., & Morgan, R. D. Certainty of punishment and criminal thinking: Do the rational and non-rational parameters of a student’s decision to cheat on an exam interact? Journal of Criminal Justice Education, 2019, 30, 276-295.

    Walters, G. D., Morgan, R. D., & Scanlon, F. The moderating effect of criminal thinking on certainty of apprehension in decisions to engage in antisocial behavior: Replication and extension, Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2019, 64, 805-813.

    Longpré, N., Knight, R. A., Guay, J.-P., Benbouriche, M., & Walters, G. D. Hunting for snarks: A reply to McPhail (2019a). Archives of Sexual Behavior, 2020, 49, 25-30.

    Walters, G. D. Affective drinking motives, delinquency, and binge drinking: A comparison of male and female high school seniors. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 2020, 55, 571-577.

    Walters, G. D. Assessing the proactive and reactive dimensions of criminal thought process: Divergent patterns of correlation with variable- and person-level measures of criminal risk and future outcome. Journal of Personality Assessment, 2020, 102, 223-230.

    Walters, G. D. Beyond peer influence and selection: A gendered pathways analysis of social environmental predictors of change in child and peer delinquency. Feminist Criminology, 2020, 15, 3-23.

    Walters, G. D. The crimes of first-time offenders: Same or different from the crimes of habitual criminals? Journal of Criminal Psychology, 2020, 10, 1-15.

    Walters, G. D. Criminal thinking as a moderator of the perceived certainty–offending relationship: Age variations. Psychology, Crime, and Law, 2020, 26, 267-286.

    Walters, G. D. Desistance and identity: Do reflected appraisals as a delinquent impede the crime-reducing effects of the adolescent-to-adult transition? Criminal Justice Review, 2020, 45, 303-318.

    Walters, G. D. Desisting from crime: In-prison behaviour and cognition as predictors of post-release success. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 2020, 62, 11-28.

    Walters, G. D. Hostility and reactive criminal thinking as mediators of the violent victimization-violent offending relationship: Affect before cognition? Criminal Justice Studies, 2020, 33, 316-336.

    Walters, G. D. Mediating the mediator: The indirect effect of short-term hostility on the past reactive criminal thinking¿future reactive criminal thinking relationship. Deviant Behavior, 2020, 41, 1157-1175.

    Walters, G. D. Mediating the peer influence effect with facets of criminal thought process and content in a group of early adolescents: Replication and extension. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 2020, 35, 207-218.

    Walters, G. D. Mediating the victim–offender overlap with delinquent peer associations: A preliminary test of the person proximity hypothesis. Criminal Justice Studies, 2020, 33, 297-315.

    Walters, G. D. Moral disengagement as a mediator of the co-offending–delinquency relationship in serious juvenile offenders. Law and Human Behavior, 2020, 44, 437-448.

    Walters, G. D. Neutralization, moral disengagement, and delinquency in adolescence: Testing the reciprocal effects of proactive criminal thinking and guilt on future offending, Justice Quarterly, 2020, 37, 210-230.

    Walters, G. D. Perceived peer delinquency, proactive criminal thinking, neighborhood disorder, and serious offending: Moderated mediation and theoretical integration. Journal of Crime and Justice, 2020, 43, 467-485.

    Walters, G. D. Prosocial peers as risk, protective, and promotive Factors for the prevention of delinquency and drug use. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 2020, 49, 618-630.

    Walters, G. D. Positive parents and negative peers: Assessing the nature and order of caregiver and friend effects in predicting early delinquency. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 2020, 18, 96-114.

    Walters, G. D. Positive peers—The neglected stepchildren of social influence theories of crime. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2020, 48, 719-732.

    Walters, G. D. Predicting future intimate partner violence with past intimate partner violence: The moderating role of proactive and reactive criminal thinking. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2020, 47, 943-955.

    Walters, G. D. The sibling effect for delinquency: Mediation by proactive criminal thinking and moderation by age. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 2020, 64, 265-288.

    Walters, G. D. Unraveling the bidirectional relationship between bullying victimization and perpetration: A test of mechanisms from opportunity and general strain theories. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 2020, 18, 395-411.

    Walters, G. D. Viewing the cycle of violence through a gendered pathways lens: Perceived parental tolerance of violence, peer influence, and child aggressive behavior. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2020, 35, 2189-2209.

    Walters, G. D., & Espelage, D. L. Assessing the relationship between cyber and traditional forms of bullying and sexual harassment: Stepping stones or displacement? Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 2020, 14(2), Article X. doi: 10.5817/CP2020-2-XXXX

    Walters, G. D., & Espelage, D. L. Hostility, anger, and dominance as mediators of the sibling aggression¿school fighting relationship: Mechanisms of violence generalization. Psychology of Violence, 2020, 10, 48-57.

    Walters, G. D., & Espelage, D. L. Peer victimization, antisocial cognition, and delinquency in early adolescent schoolchildren: A test of the person–situation interface. Journal of School Violence, 2020, 19, 512-524.

    Walters, G. D., Kremser, J., & Runell, L. Moderating the bullying perpetration–delinquency relationship with parental support and knowledge: A prospective analysis of middle school students. Aggressive Behavior, 2020, 46, 244-253.

    Walters, G. D. Ambient temperature as a moderator of the reactive criminal thinking–violent offending relationship: A multilevel analysis. Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice, 2021, 7, 233-250.

    Walters, G. D. Are the criminogenic effects of incarceration mediated by a change in criminal thinking or a change in perceived certainty? The Prison Journal, 2021, 101, 21-40.

    Walters, G. D. Criminal thinking and gang affiliation: Antecedents and consequences. Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice, 2021, 7, 150-163.

    Walters, G. D. Delinquency as a consequence of parental warmth and self-efficacy: Total sample and individual male and female mediation analyses. Journal of Adolescence, 2021, 89, 137-148.

    Walters, G. D. Explaining the drug-crime connection with peers, proactive criminal thinking, and victimization: Systemic, cognitive social learning, and person proximity mechanisms. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 2021, 35, 366-376.

    Walters, G. D. Mediating proactive criminal thinking with perceived parental acceptance of child delinquency: Assessing the “mediators within mediators” hypothesis. Deviant Behavior, 2021, 42, 80-95.

    Walters, G. D. Parental control as a stimulus for youth control: Mediating the parental knowledge–child delinquency relationship with cognitive impulsivity. Crime and Delinquency, 2021, 67, 717-736.

    Walters, G. D. Parental gambling as a moderator of the child delinquency–gambling relationship: Does having a role model in the home make a difference? Journal of Gambling Studies, 2021, 37, 27-41.

    Walters, G. D. Predicting short-term parole outcome in substance abusing offenders with the Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 2021, 20, 253-264.

    Walters, G. D. School-age bullying victimization and perpetration: A meta-analysis of prospective studies and research. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse, 2021, 22(5), 1129-1139.

    Walters, G. D. Editorial—Social influence and delinquency: The role of criminal thinking. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 2021, 31, 368-371.

    Walters, G. D. Trajectories of bullying victimization and perpetration in Australian school children and their relationship to future delinquency and conduct problems. Psychology of Violence, 2021, 11, 19-27.

    Walters, G. D. Weak parental supervision and lack of child remorse as predictors of proximal crime continuity in early to mid-adolescent delinquents. Journal of Criminal Psychology, 2021, 11, 59-71.

    Walters, G. D., & Espelage, D. L. Cognitive/affective empathy, pro-bullying beliefs, and willingness to intervene on behalf of a bullied peer. Youth & Society, 2021, 53, 563-584.

    Walters, G. D., & Espelage, D. L. Cognitive impulsivity as a mediator of the parental knowledge–childhood aggression relationship. Journal of Early Adolescence, 2021, 41, 1255-1268.

    Walters, G. D., Kremser, J., & Runell, L. The fear of being bullied on the school bus: Perceptions, correlations, and sex differences. International Journal of Bullying Prevention, 2021, 3, 102-113.

    Walters, G. D., Ponce, R., Piñero, M. A., & Ernest, K. D. Criminal thinking, certainty of apprehension, and the decision to engage in antisocial behavior: A study of day treatment program clients. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2021, 66, 636-645.

    Walters, G. D., Runell, L, & Kremser, J. Social and psychological effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on middle-school students: Attendance options and changes over time. School Psychology, 2021, 36, 277-284.

    Walters, G. D. Does adolescent drug use belong on the antisocial spectrum? Mediating the drug–crime connection with cognitive impulsivity. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 2022, 68(1), 105-122.

    Walters, G. D. Protecting against delinquency in early adolescence with nonverbal intelligence and neighborhood social capital. Journal of Early Adolescence, 2022, 42, 204-226.

    Walters, G. D. Self-efficacy in parents and children and its relationship to future delinquent behavior in children. Youth & Society, 2022, 54, 104-122.

    Walters, G. D. Actual and perceived parental knowledge and child delinquency: Does the sex of the parent, the sex of the child, and the child’s age make a difference? Journal of Family Issues, in press.

    Walters, G. D. The certainty–offending relationship as a function of a nation’s free market cultural ethos. European Journal of Criminology, in press.

    Walters, G. D. Changes in criminal thinking from mid-adolescence to early adulthood: Does trajectory direction matter? Law and Human Behavior, in press.

    Walters, G. D. Crime and social cognition: A meta-analytic review of the developmental roots of adult criminal thinking. Journal of Experimental Criminology, in press.

    Walters, G. D. Extending the “worst of both worlds” hypothesis to the developmental antecedents of crime and substance use: School bullying and alcohol experimentation. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, in press.

    Walters, G. D. Getting to the source: How inmates and other staff contribute to correctional officer stress. Journal of Crime and Justice, in press.

    Walters, G. D. In search of a mechanism: Mediating the perceived parental support–delinquency relationship with child empathy. Journal of Moral Education, in press.

    Walters, G. D. Mediating the low verbal intelligence–early adult offending relationship with pro-aggression attitudes. Criminal Justice and Behavior, in press.

    Walters, G. D. Merging the peer selection and peer influence effects: Can neutralization beliefs and cognitive impulsivity serve as links in the chain? Criminology and Criminal Justice, in press.

    Walters, G. D. Mitigating bullying–delinquency risk with parental support and knowledge: Testing a three-way interaction. Psychology, Crime and Law, in press.

    Walters, G. D. The moderating effect of prosocial peers on the relationship between peer delinquency, neutralization, and violent offending. Criminology, Criminal Justice, Law and Society, in press.

    Walters, G. D. Moderating the criminal thinking–delinquency relationship with a free market cultural ethos: Integrating micro- and macro-level concepts in criminology. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, in press.

    Walters, G. D. Parents and best friends perceived reaction to participant deviance and self-reported delinquency: Moderation by sex and mediation by youth attitude toward deviance in mid- to late adolescence. Criminal Justice Review, in press.

    Walters, G. D. Racial differences in co-offending: Correlations with concurrent juvenile police contacts and predictions of future adult police contacts. Crime and Delinquency, in press.

    Walters, G. D. Separate roles for state and trait anxiety in the formation of SHU syndrome: Testing a moderated mediation hypothesis. The Prison Journal, in press.

    Walters, G. D. & Espelage, D. L. Reciprocity of cognitive and emotional antecedents to bullying: Bidirectional relations between cognitive impulsivity and anger. Youth and Society, in press.

    Walters, G. D., Runell, L., & Kremser, J. Career aspirations, influences, and motives in undergraduate criminal justice majors: A comparison of two student cohorts assessed seven years apart. Journal of Criminal Justice Education, in press.

    Walters, G. D., Runell, L., & Kremser, J. Drifters and delinquents: Commitment and neutralization in low- and high-rate offending early adolescents. Crime and Delinquency, in press.
  • Research Interests
    Assessment, development, and treatment of criminal thinking

    Substance abuse and crime

    Research Methods and Statistics (taxometrics, structural equation modeling, mediation analysis, moderation analysis)

    Delinquency Development

    Construction and validation of an integrated model of criminal behavior known as criminal lifestyle theory
  • Office Hours
    Term Days Start Time End Time Room Additional Information
    Fall 2022 MW 8:00AM 9:00AM OM361
    Fall 2022 MWF 12:00PM 1:00PM OM361
  • Class Schedule
    Term Days Start Time End Time Course Location
    Fall 2022 MWF 9:00AM 9:50AM CRJ 250 010 OM288
    Fall 2022 MWF 9:00AM 9:50AM SOC 250 010 OM288
    Fall 2022 MWF 10:00AM 10:50AM CRJ 270 010 OM138
    Fall 2022 MWF 11:00AM 11:50AM CRJ 250 020 OM138
    Fall 2022 MWF 1:00PM 1:50PM CRJ 10 020 OM287
    Fall 2022 MWF 11:00AM 11:50AM SOC 250 020 OM138
    Fall 2022 TH 8:00AM 9:20AM CRJ 250 030 OM280
    Fall 2022 TH 8:00AM 9:20AM SOC 250 030 OM280