Careers in Sociology

What can I do with a sociology degree?

A Bachelor of Arts in Sociology from KU will prepare you for graduate study and for careers in law, social research, criminal justice, urban and environmental planning, human services, education, and public and private sector work.

Areas Employers Strategies

Criminal Justice

  • Advocacy
  • Corrections 
  • Rehabilitation 
  • Law Enforcement 
  • Judiciary
  • Correction Institutions 
  • Court Systems 
  • Federal, State, & Local Government
  • Law Enforcement Agencies 
  • Emphasize research methods, statistics, and computer skills. 
  • Gain essential practical experience via jobs, internships, and volunteering. 
  • Learn communication skills.
  • Obtain graduate degree for advancement. 


  • Demography/Planning 
  • Human Resources 
  • Management 
  • Sales 
  • Advertising 
  • Marketing 
  • Consumer Research 
  • Insurance 
  • Real Estate 
  • Personnel/Training 
  • Administration
  • Research Departments/Firms 
  • Personnel/Industrial Relations Departments 
  • Marketing/Management Firms 
  • Organizational Planning Departments/Firms 
  • International Business 
  • Manufacturing Firms 
  • Advertising Firms 
  • Consumer Research/Public Relations Firms 
  • Insurance/Real Estate Companies 
  • Publishing Firms 
  • Consulting Firms 
  • Focus on an occupational area: personnel, industrial relations, management, marketing, or public relations. 
  • Take courses in labor relations, industrial psychology, sociology of work, personnel management, public speaking, writing, social psychology, and human/social interaction. 
  • Learn communication skills. 
  • Obtain graduate degree for advancement. 
  • Stress work experience, social skills, public speaking, writing skills, statistics, and research training when interviewing. 

Community Relations

  • Federal, State, and Local Government 
  • National and Local Non-Profit Organizations 
  • Private Social Service Organizations 
  • Religiously Affiliated Service Organizations 
  • Child Care Agencies 
  • Learn federal, state, and local government job application processes. 
  • Obtain experience in counseling, advocacy, or administration. 
  • Acquire knowledge of community problems and government resources. 
  • Gain volunteer experience. 
  • Take courses in public speaking, inequality, social classes, race relations, gender, social psychology, and social/human interaction. 
  • Learn communication skills.
  • Demographic Forecasting and Population Studies
  • Market Research Data
  • Consulting Firms 
  • Business and Industry 
  • International, Federal, and State Agencies 
  • Government and Regional Planning Departments 
  • Colleges and Universities 
  • Foundations 
  • Advertising and Marketing Firms 
  • Private Research Firms 
  • Take courses in social research methods, statistics, computer applications, population, social movements, calculus, and foreign languages. 
  • Develop good communication skills. 
  • Gain essential practical experience via part-time work, internships, and volunteer work. 
  • Learn skills in communication networking and electronic mail. 
  • Obtain a graduate degree for advancement. 


  • Teaching 
  • Administration 
  • Alumni Relations 
  • Placement Offices 
  • Research
  • Public and Private Schools 
  • Colleges and Universities 
  • Obtain certification/licensing to teach grades K-12. 
  • Volunteer as a tutor. 
  • Obtain a Ph.D. to teach and for advanced research positions in colleges and universities. 
  • Secure strong personal recommendations. 
  • Learn communication skills.
  • Take courses in sociology of education, social psychology, and developmental psychology.

Environment & Urban

  • Waste Management Firms 
  • Health Agencies 
  • Local Planning Agencies 
  • Environmental Advocacy Groups 
  • National Advocacy Groups 
  • Environmental Periodicals 
  • Federal Government 
  • Regional, State, and Local Agencies 
  • Consulting Firms 
  • Take courses in general and urban ecology, statistics, and public speaking. 
  • Learn communication skills.
  • Gain experience via part-time or internships and volunteer work. 
  • Obtain graduate degree for advancement. 


  • Social Science Analysis
  • Social Statistics 
  • Demography 
  • Administration 
  • Management 
  • Program Development 
  • Policy Analysis 
  • Personnel 
  • Research 
  • Investigation
  • Public Assistance Agencies 
  • Federal, State, Local, and County Government 
  • Learn federal, state, and local government job application processes. 
  • Learn communication skills.
  • Obtain experience in research and evaluation. 
  • Acquire skills in survey and evaluation research, and specialties in such fields as medical/health sociology, aging, criminal justice, demography, and family. 
  • Gain experience via co-op programs and volunteer work. 
  • Obtain graduate degree for advancement. 

Human Services

  • Counseling 
  • Advocacy 
  • Mental Health
  • Social Services
    • Administration
    • Programming
    • Recreation
  • Advocacy Groups 
  • Federal, State, and Local Government 
  • United Way Agencies/National Non-Profit Organizations 
  • Religiously-Affiliated Service Organizations 
  • Adoption and Child Care Agencies 
  • Public and Private Nursing Homes 
  • Hospitals 
  • Learn communication skills.
  • Concentrate course work in area of interest. 
  • Pursue excellent academic record. 
  • Emphasize research methods, statistics and computer skills. 
  • Obtain counseling courses and experience for counseling and case worker positions. 
  • Acquire related experience. 
  • Obtain graduate degree for advancement. 

Social Science Research

  • Market Research Analysis 
  • Evaluation Research
  • Federal Government 
  • National Headquarters of Non-Profit Organizations 
  • Social, Market, or Statistical Research 
  • Public Relations Firms 
  • Professional Periodicals 
  • Newspapers and Magazines 
  • Social Service Agencies 
  • Hospitals
  • Business and Industry 
  • Labor Unions 
  • Professional Sociologists 
  • Universities 
  • Religious Organizations 
  • Public Opinion Research Polls 
  • Learn federal government job application process. 
  • Develop strong quantitative, statistical, writing, informational gathering, and assimilating skills. 
  • Take courses in research methods and statistics. 
  • Learn communication skills.
  • Acquire related experience. 
  • Obtain graduate degree for advancement and specialized areas. 

Adapted from lists prepared by the Career Planning staff, Career Services at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville (1994) and Ronda Priest at the University of Southern Indiana (1999).

Resource links:

  • Kutztown University's Career Development Center has a number of resources to assist students in exploring and preparing for possible career paths in Sociology.

The Career Development Center has numerous events and resources to help you create and reach your career goals.

Start by logging into Handshake to schedule a career coaching appointment!